How to Make Old Programs Work on Windows 10

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Most of your older Windows apps should just work on Windows 10. If they worked on Windows 7, they’ll ZBrush activation code Archives certainly work on Windows 10. Some older PC applications won’t just work, but there are many ways to get them working again.

These tricks cover a variety of applications, from Windows XP-era apps and old PC games that require outdated DRM to DOS and Windows 3.1 applications.

RELATED:Is Windows 10 Backwards Compatible With Your Existing Software?

Run as Administrator

RELATED:Why You Shouldn't Disable User Account Control (UAC) in Windows

Many applications developed for Windows XP will work properly on a modern version of Windows, except for one little issue. During the Windows XP era, average Windows users typically used their PC with an Administrator account all the time. Applications were coded to just assume they had administrative access and would fail if they didn’t. The new User Account Control (UAC) feature mostly fixed this issue, but there were some teething problems at first.

If an older application isn’t working properly, try right-clicking its shortcut or .exe file, and then selecting “Run as Administrator” to launch it with administrative permissions.

If you find that an app does require administrative access, you can set the app to always run as administrator using the compatibility settings we discuss in the next section.

Adjust Compatibility Settings

RELATED:Using Program Compatibility Mode in Windows 7

Windows includes compatibility settings that can make old applications functional.  In Windows 10’s Start menu, right-click a shortcut, select “Open file location” from the context menu

Once you have the file’s location, right-click the app’s shortcut or .exe file, and then select “Properties” from the context menu.

On the “Compatibility” tab of the app’s properties window, you can click the “Use the compatibility troubleshooter” button for a wizard interface or just adjust the options yourself.

For example, if an application doesn’t run properly on Windows 10 but did run properly on Windows XP, select the “Run this program in compatibility mode for” option, and then select “Windows XP (Service Pack 3)” from the dropdown menu.

RELATED:How to Make Windows Work Better on High-DPI Displays and Fix Blurry Fonts

Don’t be shy about trying the other settings on the “Compatibility” tab, too. For example, very old games may benefit from “Reduced color mode”. On high DPI displays, you may have to check the “Disable display scaling on high DPI settings” to make a program look normal. No options on this tab can hurt your app or PC—you can always just turn them back off if they don’t help.

Install Unsigned Drivers or 32-bit Drivers

The 64-bit version of Windows 10 uses driver signature enforcement and requires all drivers have a valid signature before they can be installed. 32-bit versions of Windows 10 normally don’t require signed drivers. The exception to this is that 32-bit versions of Windows 10 running on a newer PC with UEFI (instead of regular BIOS) often do require signed drivers. Enforcing signed drivers helps improve security and stability, protecting your system from drivers that are malicious or simply unstable. You should only install unsigned drivers if you know they’re safe and have a good reason to do so.

RELATED:How to Disable Driver Signature Verification on 64-Bit Windows 8 or 10 (So That You Can Install Unsigned Drivers)

If old software you want to install does need unsigned drivers, you’ll have to use a special boot option to install them. If only 32-bit drivers are available, you’ll have to use the 32-bit version of Windows 10 instead—the 64-bit version of Windows 10 requires 64-bit drivers. Use this process if you need to switch to the 32-bit version, downloading the 32-bit version of Windows 10 instead of the 64-bit version.

Run Games That Require SafeDisc and SecuROM DRM

Windows 10 won’t run older games that use SafeDisc or SecuROM DRM. These digital rights management schemes can cause quite a few problems. Overall, it’s a good thing that Windows 10 doesn’t allow this junk to install and pollute your system. Unfortunately, it does mean that some older games that came on physical CDs or DVDs won’t install and run normally.

You have a variety of other options for playing these games, including searching for a “no CD” crack (which are potentially very unsafe, as they’re often found on shady piracy sites), repurchasing the game from a digital distribution service like GOG or Steam, or checking the developer’s website to see if it offers a patch that removes the DRM.

More advanced tricks include installing and dual-booting into an older version of Windows without this restriction, or attempting to run the game in a virtual machine with an older version of Windows. A virtual machine may even work well for you, since games using these DRM schemes old enough now that even a virtual machine can likely handle their graphics demands.

Use Virtual Machines for Older Software

RELATED:Beginner Geek: How to Create and Use Virtual Machines

Windows 7 included a special “Windows XP Mode” feature. This was actually just an included virtual machine program with a free Windows XP license. Windows 10 does not include a Windows XP mode, but you can still use a virtual machine to do it yourself.

All you really need is a virtual machine program like VirtualBox and a spare Windows XP license. Install that copy of Windows in the VM and you can run software on that older version of Windows in a window on your Windows 10 desktop.

Using a virtual machine is a somewhat more involved solution, but it will work well unless the app needs to interface with hardware directly. Virtual machines tend to have limited support for hardware peripherals.

Use Emulators for DOS and Windows 3.1 Applications

RELATED:How To Use DOSBox To Run DOS Games and Old Apps

DOSBox allows you to run old DOS applications—primarily DOS games—in an emulator window on your desktop. Use DOSBox to run old DOS applications rather than relying on the Command Prompt. DOSBox will work much, much better.

And, since Windows 3.1 itself was basically a DOS application, you can install Windows 3.1 in DOSBox and run old 16-bit Windows 3.1 applications, too.

Use 32-Bit Windows for 16-bit Software

16-bit programs no longer function on 64-bit versions of Windows. The 64-bit version of Windows just doesn’t contain the WOW16 compatibility layer that allows 16-bit apps to run. Try to run a 16-bit application on a 64-bit version of Windows and you’ll just see a “This app can’t run on your PC” message.

If you do need to run 16-bit apps, you’ll need to install the 32-bit version of Windows 10 instead of the 64-bit version. The good news is that you don’t really have to reinstall your entire operating system. Instead, you can just install a 32-bit version of Windows inside a virtual machine and run the application there. You could even install Vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software 3.1 in DOSBox.

Use Specific Browsers for Websites Requiring Java, Silverlight, ActiveX, or Internet Explorer

Windows 10 uses the new Microsoft Edge as its default browser. Edge doesn’t include support for Java, ActiveX, Silverlight, and other technologies. Chrome has also dropped support for NPAPI plug-ins like Java and Silverlight.

RELATED:How to Use Java, Silverlight, and Other Plugins in Modern Browsers

To use older web applications requiring these technologies, fire up the Internet Explorer web browser included with Windows 10 for compatibility reasons. IE still supports ActiveX content. Mozilla Firefox still supports Java and Silverlight.

You can launch Internet Explorer from the Start menu. If you’re already Microsoft Edge, just open the settings menu and select “Open with Internet Explorer” to open the current web page directly in Internet Explorer.


In general, if an older application doesn’t function on Windows 10, it’s a good idea to try to find a modern replacement that will work properly. But, there are some apps—especially old PC games and business apps—that you just may not be able to replace. Hopefully, some of the compatibility tricks we’ve shared will get those apps up and running again.

Image Credit: Brett Morrison on Flickr

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Windows vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2009

Windows logo - 2006.svg
Windows 7 SP1 screenshot.png

Screenshot of Windows 7, showing its desktop, taskbar, Start menu and the glass effect of Windows Aero

DeveloperMicrosoft
Source model
Released to
manufacturing
July 22, 2009; 12 years ago (2009-07-22)[1]
General
availability
October 22, 2009; 12 years ago (2009-10-22)[2]
Latest releaseService Pack 1 (6.1.7601.24499) / February 9, 2011; 10 years ago (2011-02-09)[3]
Update methodWindows Update
PlatformsIA-32 and x86-64
Kernel typeHybrid
UserlandWindows API, NTVDM, SUA
LicenseProprietarycommercial software
Preceded byWindows Vista (2007)[4]
Succeeded byWindows 8 (2012)
Mainstream support ended on January 13, 2015 (2015-01-13).[5][6]
Extended support ended on January 14, 2020 (2020-01-14).[5][6]
Windows 7 is eligible for the Extended Security Updates service. This service is available via OEMs, in yearly installments. Security updates are available for the operating system through at most January 10, 2023 only for Professional and Enterprise volume licensed editions, through October 10, 2023 for Windows Embedded Standard 7, and through October 14, 2024 for Windows Embedded POSReady 7.[7][8]

Exceptions exist, see § Support lifecycle for details.

Installing Service Pack 1 is required for users to receive updates and support after April 9, 2013.[5][6]

Windows 7 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and became generally available on October 22, 2009.[9] It is the successor to Windows Vista, released nearly three years earlier. It remained an operating system for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs, and itself was replaced in November 2012 by Windows 8, the name spanning more than three years of the product. Until April 9, 2013, Windows 7 RTM provided content such as security updates, software updates, PC driver updates and technical support, after which installation of Service Pack 1 is required for users to receive support and updates. Windows 7's server counterpart, Windows Server 2008 R2, was released at the same time. The last supported version of Windows based on this operating system was released on July 1, 2011, entitled Windows Embedded POSReady 7. On January 12, 2016, Microsoft ended support for Internet Explorer versions older than Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7.[10][11][12] Extended support ended on January 14, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, 2020, sketch torrent mac Archives ten years after the release of Windows 7, after which the operating system ceased receiving further support or security updates to most users, and all PCs that blocks Windows Update on Windows 7 versions newer than KB4499164 released in May 2019 displays a full-screen upgrade warning notification with an information page link starting vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software January 15, 2020. A support program is currently available for enterprises, providing security updates for Windows 7 for up to four years since the official end of life.[13] However, Windows Embedded POSReady 7, the last Windows 7 variant, continued to receive security updates until October 2021.

Windows 7 was intended to be an incremental upgrade to Microsoft Windows, addressing Windows Vista's poor critical reception while maintaining hardware and software compatibility, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software. Windows 7 continued improvements on Windows Aero (the user interface introduced in Windows Vista) with the addition of a redesigned taskbar that allows applications to be "pinned" to it, and new window management features. Other new features were added to the operating system, including libraries, the new file-sharing system HomeGroup, and support for multitouch input. A new "Action Center" interface was also added to provide an overview of system security and maintenance information, and tweaks were made to the User Account Control system to make it less intrusive. Windows 7 also shipped with updated versions of several stock applications, including Internet Explorer 8, Windows Media Player, and Windows Media Center.

Unlike Vista, Windows 7 received critical acclaim, with critics considering the operating system to be a major improvement over its predecessor because of its improved performance, its more intuitive interface (with particular praise devoted to the new taskbar), fewer User Account Control popups, and other improvements made across the platform. Windows 7 was a major success for Microsoft; even before its official release, pre-order sales for the operating system on the online retailer Amazon.com had surpassed previous records. In just six months, over 100 million copies had been sold worldwide, increasing to over 630 million licenses by July 2012. By January 2018, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide;[14] and by May 2020, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows in China.[15] As of June 2021[update], 15.52% of traditional PCs running Windows are running Windows 7 (and thus 5% of all devices across platforms).[16] It still remains popular in countries such as Turkmenistan, China, India, and Venezuela.[17][18][19][20]

Development history

Originally, a version of Windows codenamed "Blackcomb" was planned as the successor to Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 in 2000. Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named WinFS to enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed "Longhorn," was announced for 2003, delaying the development of Blackcomb.[21] By the middle of 2003, however, Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb. After three major malware outbreaks—the Blaster, Nachi, and Sobig worms—exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in August 2003,[22] Microsoft changed its development priorities, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista) was also restarted, and thus delayed, in August 2004. A number of features were cut from Longhorn.[23] Blackcomb was renamed Vienna in early 2006,[24] and was later canceled in 2007 due to the scope of the project.[25]

When released, Windows Vista was criticized for its long development time, performance issues, spotty compatibility with existing hardware and software at launch, changes affecting the compatibility of certain PC games, and unclear assurances by Microsoft that certain computers shipping with XP before launch would be "Vista Capable" (which led to a class-action lawsuit), among other critiques. As such, the adoption of Vista in comparison to XP remained somewhat low.[26][27][28] In July 2007, six months following the public release of Vista, it was reported that the next version of Windows would then be codenamed Windows 7, with plans for a final release within three years.[29][30]Bill Gates, in an interview withNewsweek, suggested that Windows 7 would be more "user-centric".[31] Gates later said that Windows 7 would also focus on performance improvements.[32]Steven Sinofsky later expanded on this point, explaining in the Engineering Windows 7 blog that the company was using a variety of new tracing tools to measure the performance of many areas of the operating system on an ongoing basis, to help locate inefficient code paths and to help prevent performance regressions.[33]Senior Vice President Bill Veghte stated that Windows Vista users migrating to Windows 7 would not find the kind of device compatibility issues they encountered migrating from Windows XP.[34] An estimated 1,000 developers worked on Windows 7. These were broadly divided into "core operating system" and "Windows client experience", in turn organized into 25 teams of around 40 developers on average.[35]

In October 2008, it was announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system.[36][37] There has been some confusion over naming the product Windows 7,[38] while versioning it as 6.1 to indicate its similar build to Vista and increase compatibility with applications that only check major version numbers, similar to Windows 2000 and Windows XP both having 5.x vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software numbers.[39] The first external release to select Microsoft partners came in January 2008 with Milestone 1, build 6519.[40] Speaking about Windows 7 on October 16, 2008, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer confirmed compatibility between Windows Vista and Windows 7, indicating that Windows 7 would be a refined version of Windows Vista.[41]

At PDC 2008, Microsoft demonstrated Windows 7 with its reworked taskbar.[42] On December 27, 2008, the Windows 7 Beta was leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent.[43] According to a performance test by ZDNet,[44] Windows 7 Beta beat both Windows XP and Vista in several key areas, including boot and shutdown time and working with files, such as loading documents. Other areas did not beat XP, including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing, which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP.[45] On January 7, 2009, the x64 version of the Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web, with some torrents being infected with a trojan.[46][47] At CES 2009, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced the Windows 7 Beta, build 7000, had been made available for download to MSDN and TechNet subscribers in the format of an ISO image.[48] The stock wallpaper of the beta version contained a digital image of the Betta fish.[49]

The fxsound enhancer crack Archives candidate, build 7100, became available for MSDN and TechNet subscribers, and Connect Program participants on April 30, 2009. On May 5, 2009, it became available to the general public, although it had also been leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent.[50] The release candidate was available in five languages and expired on June 1, 2010, with shutdowns every two hours starting March 1, 2010.[51] Microsoft stated that Windows 7 would be released to the general public on October 22, 2009, less than three years after the launch of its predecessor. Microsoft released Windows 7 to MSDN and Technet subscribers on August 6, 2009.[52] Microsoft announced that Windows 7, along with Windows Server 2008 R2, was released to manufacturing in the United States and Canada on July 22, 2009. Windows 7 RTM is build 7600.16385.090713-1255, which was compiled on July 13, 2009, and was declared the final RTM build after passing all Microsoft's tests internally.[53]

Features

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Main article: Features new to Windows 7

Among Windows 7's new features are advances in touch and handwriting recognition,[54] support for virtual hard disks,[55] improved performance on multi-core processors,[56][57][58][59] improved boot performance, DirectAccess, and kernel improvements. Windows 7 adds support for systems using multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors Softwares Archives - proapkcrack Multi-adapter),[60] a new version of Windows Media Center,[61] a Gadget for Windows Media Center, improved media features, XPS Essentials Pack[62] and Windows PowerShell[63] being included, and a redesigned Calculator with multiline capabilities including Programmer and Statistics modes along with unit conversion for length, weight, temperature, and several others.[64] Many new items have been added to the Control Panel, including ClearType Text Tuner[65] Display Color Calibration Wizard,[66]Gadgets, Recovery, ElcomSoft iOS Forensic Toolkit Crack Archives, Workspaces Center, Location and Other Sensors, Credential Manager, Biometric Devices, System Icons, and Display.[67]Windows Security Center has been renamed to Windows Action Center (Windows Health Center and Windows Solution Center in earlier builds), which encompasses both security and maintenance of the computer. ReadyBoost on 32-bit editions now supports up to 256 gigabytes of extra allocation. Windows 7 also supports images in RAW image format through the addition of Windows Imaging Component-enabled image decoders, which enables raw image thumbnails, previewing and metadata display in Windows Explorer, plus full-size viewing and slideshows in Windows Photo Viewer and Windows Media Center.[68] Windows 7 also has a native TFTP client with the ability to transfer files to or from a TFTP server.[69]

The default taskbar of Windows 7.

The taskbar has seen the biggest visual changes, where the old Quick Launch toolbar has been replaced with the ability to pin applications to the taskbar. Buttons for pinned applications are integrated with the task buttons. These buttons also enable Jump Lists to allow easy access to common tasks, and files frequently used with specific applications.[70] The revamped taskbar also allows the reordering of taskbar buttons. To the far right of the system, the clock is a small rectangular button that serves as the Show desktop icon. By default, hovering over this button makes all visible windows transparent for a quick look at the desktop.[71] In touch-enabled displays such as touch screens, tablet PCs, etc., this button is slightly (8 pixels) wider in order to accommodate being pressed by a finger.[72] Clicking this button minimizes all windows, and clicking it a second time restores them.

Window management in Windows 7 has several new features: Aero Snap maximizes a window when it is dragged to the top, left, or right of the screen.[73] Dragging windows to the left or right edges of the screen allows users to snap software windows to either side of the screen, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, such that the windows take up half the screen. When a user moves windows that were snapped or maximized using Snap, the system restores their previous state. Snap functions can also be triggered with keyboard shortcuts. Aero Shake hides all inactive windows when the active window's title bar is dragged back and forth rapidly.

vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software the Action Center flag is clicked on, it lists all security and maintenance issues in a small pop-up window.

Windows 7 includes 13 additional sound schemes, titled Afternoon, Calligraphy, Characters, Cityscape, Delta, Festival, Garden, Heritage, Landscape, Quirky, Raga, Savanna, and Sonata.[74] Internet Spades, Internet Backgammon and Internet Checkers, which were removed from Windows Vista, were restored in Windows 7. Users are able to disable or customize many more Windows components than was possible in Windows Vista. New additions to this list of components include Internet Explorer 8, Windows Media Player 12, Windows Media Center, Windows Search, and Windows Gadget Platform.[75] A new version of Microsoft Virtual PC, newly renamed as Windows Virtual PC was made available for Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions.[76] It allows multiple Windows environments, including Windows XP Mode, to run on the same machine. Windows XP Mode runs Windows XP in a virtual machine, and displays applications within separate windows on the Windows 7 desktop.[77] Furthermore, Windows 7 supports the mounting of a virtual hard disk (VHD) as a normal data storage, and the bootloader delivered with Advanced Installer 15.6 torrent Archives 7 can boot the Windows system from a VHD; however, this ability is only available in the Enterprise and Ultimate editions.[78] The Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) of Windows 7 is also enhanced to support real-time multimedia application including video playback and 3D games, thus allowing use of DirectX 10 in remote desktop environments.[79] The three application limit, previously present in the Windows Vista and Windows XP Starter Editions, has been removed from Windows 7.[80] All editions include some new and improved features, such as Windows Search, Security features, and some features new to Windows 7, that originated within Vista. Optional BitLocker Drive Encryption is included with Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise. Windows Defender is included; Microsoft Security Essentialsantivirus software is a free download. All editions include Shadow Copy, which—every day or so—System Restore uses to take an automatic "previous version" snapshot of user files that have changed.[81]Backup and restore have also been improved,[82][83] and the Windows Recovery Environment—installed by default—replaces the optional Recovery Console of Windows XP.[84]

A new system known as "Libraries" was added for file management; users can aggregate files from multiple folders into a "Library." By default, libraries for categories such as Documents, Pictures, Music, and Video are created, consisting of the user's personal folder and the Public folder for each. The system is also used as part of a new vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software networking system known as HomeGroup; devices are added to the network with a password, and files and folders can be shared with all other devices in the HomeGroup, or with specific users. The default libraries, along with printers, are shared by default, but the personal folder is vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software to read-only access by other users, and the Public folder can be accessed by anyone.[85][86]

Windows 7 includes improved globalization support through a new Extended Linguistic Services API[87] to provide multilingual support (particularly in Ultimate and Enterprise editions). Microsoft also implemented better support for solid-state drives,[88] including the new TRIM command, and Windows 7 is able to identify a solid-state drive uniquely. Native support for USB 3.0 is not included because of delays in the finalization of the standard.[89] At WinHEC 2008 Microsoft announced that color depths of 30-bit and 48-bit would be supported in Windows 7 along with the wide color gamut scRGB (which for HDMI 1.3 can be converted and output as xvYCC). The video modes supported in Windows 7 are 16-bit sRGB, 24-bit sRGB, 30-bit sRGB, 30-bit with extended color gamut sRGB, and 48-bit scRGB.[90][91]

For developers, Windows 7 includes a new networking API with support for building SOAP-based web services in native code (as opposed to .NET-based WCF web services),[92] new features to simplify development of installation packages and shorten application install times.[93] Windows 7, by default, generates fewer User Account Control (UAC) prompts because it allows digitally signed Windows components to gain elevated privileges without a prompt, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software. Additionally, users can now adjust the level at which UAC operates using a sliding scale.[94]

Removed

Main article: List of features removed in Windows 7

Certain capabilities and programs that were a part of Windows Vista are no longer present or have been changed, resulting in the removal of certain functionalities; these include the classic Start Menu user interface, some taskbar features, Windows Explorer features, Windows Media Player features, Windows Ultimate Extras, Search button, and InkBall. Four applications bundled with Windows Vista—Windows Photo Gallery, Windows Movie Maker, Windows Calendar and Windows Mail—are not included with Windows 7 and were replaced by Windows Live-branded versions as part of the Windows Live Essentials suite.[95][96]

Editions

Main article: Windows 7 editions

Windows 7 is available in six different editions, of which the Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate were available at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on most new computers. Home Premium and Professional were aimed at home users and small businesses respectively, while Ultimate was aimed at enthusiasts. Each edition of Windows 7 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and adds additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Professional adds additional networking and security features such as Encrypting File System and the ability to join a domain. Ultimate contained a superset of the features from Home Premium and Professional, along with other advanced features oriented towards power users, such as BitLocker drive encryption; unlike Windows Vista, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, there were no "Ultimate Extras" add-ons created for Windows 7 Ultimate.[97][98][99] Retail copies were available in "upgrade" and higher-cost "full" version licenses; "upgrade" licenses require an existing version of Windows to install, while "full" licenses can be installed on computers with no existing operating system.[100]

The remaining three editions were not available at retail, of which two were available exclusively through OEM channels as pre-loaded software. The Starter edition is a stripped-down version of Windows 7 meant for low-cost devices such as netbooks. In comparison to Home Premium, Starter has reduced multimedia functionality, does not allow users to change their desktop wallpaper or theme, disables the "Aero Glass" theme, does not have support for multiple monitors, and can only address 2GB of RAM.[99][101]Home Basic was sold only in emerging markets, and was positioned in between Home Premium and Starter.[97][98] The highest edition, Enterprise, is functionally similar to Ultimate, but is only sold through volume licensing via Microsoft's Software Assurance program.[102][103][104]

All editions aside from Starter support both IA-32 and x86-64architectures, Starter only supports 32-bit systems.[99] Retail copies of Windows 7 are distributed on two DVDs: one for the IA-32 version and the other for x86-64. OEM copies include one DVD, depending on the processor architecture licensed. The installation media for consumer versions of Windows 7 are identical, the product key and corresponding license determines the edition that is installed. The Windows Anytime Upgrade service can be used to purchase an upgrade that unlocks the functionality of a higher edition, such as going from Starter to Home Premium, and Home Premium to Ultimate.[97] Most copies of Windows 7 only contained one license; in certain markets, a "Family Pack" version of Windows 7 Home Premium was also released for a limited time, which allowed upgrades on up to three computers.[105] In certain regions, copies of Windows 7 were only sold in, and could only be activated in a designated region.[106]

Support lifecycle

Mainstream supportJanuary 13, 2015 (2015-01-13)[5][6]
Extended supportJanuary 14, 2020 (2020-01-14)[5][6]
Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate,[5][6] as well as Professional for Embedded Systems and Ultimate for Embedded Systems[107]
Professional and Enterprise volume licensed editions, as well as Professional for Embedded SystemsExtended Security Updates (ESU) support until January 10, 2023[8]
Windows Thin PCMainstream support ended on October 11, 2016[108]
Extended support ended on October 12, 2021[108]
Windows Embedded Standard 7Mainstream support ended on October 13, 2015[107]
Extended support ended on October 15, 2020[107]
Extended Security Updates (ESU) support until October 10, 2023[8]
Windows Embedded POSReady 7Mainstream support ended on October 11, 2016[107]
Extended support ended on October 12, 2021[107]
Extended Security Updates (ESU) support until October 14, 2024[8]

Support for Windows 7 without Service Pack 1 ended on April 9, 2013, requiring users to update in order to continue receiving updates and support after 3 years, 8 months, and 18 days.[109] Microsoft ended the sale of new retail copies of Windows 7 in October 2014, and the sale of new OEM licenses for Windows 7 Home Basic, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, Home Premium, and Ultimate ended on October 31, 2014. OEM sales of PCs with Windows 7 Professional pre-installed ended on October 31, 2016.[110] The sale of non-Professional OEM licenses was stopped on October 31, 2014.[111] Support for Windows Vista ended on April 11, 2017, requiring users to upgrade in order to continue receiving updates and support.[112]

Mainstream support for Windows 7 ended on January 13, 2015. Extended support for Windows 7 ended on January 14, 2020.[113][114] In August 2019, Microsoft announced it will be offering a 'free' extended security updates to some business users.[115][116]

On September 7, 2018, Microsoft announced a paid "Extended Security Updates" service that will offer additional updates for Windows 7 Professional and Enterprise for up to three years after the end of extended support.[117]

Variants of Windows 7 for embedded systems and thin clients have different support policies: Windows Embedded Standard 7 support ended in October 2020. Windows Thin PC and Windows Embedded POSReady 7 had support until October 2021. Windows Embedded Standard 7 and Windows Embedded POSReady 7 also get Extended Security Updates for up to three years after their end of extended support date.[8] However, these embedded edition updates aren't able to be downloaded on non-embedded Windows 7 editions with a simple registry hack, unlike Windows XP with its embedded editions updates. Instead, a more complex patching tool, that allows the installation of pirated Extended Security Updates, ended up being the only solution to allow consumer variants to continue to receive updates.[118][119] The Extended Security Updates service on Windows Embedded POSReady 7 will expire on October 14, 2024. This will mark the final end of the Windows NT 6.1 product line after 15 years, 2 months, and 17 days.[8]

In March 2019, Microsoft announced that it would display notifications to users informing users of the upcoming end of support, and direct users to a website urging them to windows 10 pro wallpaper Archives - Download Pro Crack Software a Windows 10 upgrade or a new computer.[120]

In August 2019, researchers reported that "all modern versions of Microsoft Windows" may be at risk for "critical" system compromise because of design flaws of hardware device drivers from multiple providers.[121] In the same month, computer experts reported that the BlueKeepsecurity vulnerability, CVE-2019-0708, that potentially affects older unpatched Microsoft Windows versions via the program's Remote Desktop Protocol, allowing for the possibility of remote code execution, may now include related flaws, collectively named DejaBlue, affecting newer Windows versions (i.e., Windows 7 and all recent versions) as well.[122] In addition, experts reported a Microsoftsecurity vulnerability, CVE-2019-1162, based on legacy code involving Microsoft CTF and ctfmon (ctfmon.exe), that affects all Windows versions from the older Windows XP version to the most recent Windows 10 versions; a patch to correct the flaw is currently available.[123] As of January 15, 2020, Windows Update is blocked from running on Windows 7.

In September 2019, Microsoft announced that it would provide free security updates for Windows 7 on federally-certified voting machines through the 2020 United States elections.[124]

System requirements

Additional requirements to use certain features:[125]

Extent of hardware support

Physical memory

The maximum amount of RAM that Windows 7 supports varies depending on the product edition and on the processor architecture, as shown in the following table.[128]

Processor limits

Windows 7 Professional and up support up to 2 physical processors (CPU sockets),[129] whereas Windows 7 Starter, Home Basic, and Home Premium editions support only 1.[130] Physical processors with either Chave de licença forza horizon keygen,serial,crack cores, or hyper-threading, or both, implement more than one logical processor per physical processor. The x86 editions of Windows 7 support up to 32 logical processors; x64 editions support up to 256 (4 x 64).[131]

In January 2016, Microsoft announced that it would no longer support Windows platforms older than Windows 10 on any future Intel-compatible processor lines, citing difficulties in reliably allowing the operating system to operate on newer hardware. Microsoft stated that effective July 17, 2017, devices with Intel Skylake CPUs were only to receive the "most critical" updates for Windows 7 and 8.1, and only if they have been judged not to affect the reliability of Vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software 7 on older hardware.[113][132] For enterprise speedify free download with crack Archives, Microsoft issued a list of Skylake-based devices "certified" for Windows 7 and 8.1 in addition to Windows 10, to assist them in migrating to newer hardware that can eventually be upgraded to 10 once they are ready to transition. Microsoft and their hardware partners provide special testing and support for these devices on 7 and 8.1 until the July 2017 date.[133]

On March 18, 2016, in response to criticism from enterprise customers, Microsoft delayed the end of support and non-critical updates for Skylake systems to July 17, 2018, but stated that they would also continue to receive security updates through the end of extended support.[134][135] In August 2016, citing a God of War 4 registration key Archives - PC Product key partnership with our OEM partners and Intel", Microsoft retracted the decision and stated that it would continue to support Windows 7 and 8.1 on Skylake hardware through the end of their extended support lifecycle. However, the restrictions on newer CPU microarchitectures remain in force.[136][137]

In March 2017, a Microsoft knowledge base article announced which implies that devices using Intel Kaby Lake, AMD Bristol Ridge, or AMD Ryzen, would be blocked from using Windows Update entirely.[138][139] In addition, official Windows 7 device drivers are not available for the Kaby Lake and Ryzen platforms.[140][141]

Security updates released since March 2018 contain bugs which affect processors that do not support SSE2 extensions, including all Pentium III processors. Microsoft initially stated that it would attempt to resolve the issue, and prevented installation of the affected patches on these systems. However, on June 15, 2018, Microsoft retroactively modified its support documents to remove the promise that this bug would be resolved, replacing it with a statement suggesting that users obtain a newer processor. This effectively ends future patch support for Windows 7 on these systems.[142][143]

Updates

Service Pack 1

Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1) was announced on March 18, 2010. A beta was released on July 12, 2010.[144][145][146] The final version was released to the public on February 22, 2011.[147] At the time of release, it was not made mandatory. It was available via Windows Update, direct download, or by ordering the Windows 7 SP1 DVD.[148] The service pack is on a much smaller scale than those released for previous versions of Windows, particularly Windows Vista.[149]

Windows 7 Service Pack 1 adds support for Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX), a 256-bit vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software set extension for processors, and improves IKEv2 by adding additional identification fields such as E-mail ID to it. In addition, it adds support for Advanced Format 512e as well as additional Identity Federation Services.[150][151] Windows 7 Service Pack 1 also resolves a bug related to HDMI audio and another related to printing XPS documents.[150]

In Europe, the automatic nature of the BrowserChoice.eu feature was dropped in Windows 7 Service Pack 1 in February 2011 and remained absent for 14 months despite Microsoft reporting that it was still present, subsequently described by Microsoft as a "technical error." As a result, in March 2013, the European Commission fined Microsoft €561 million to deter companies from reneging on settlement promises.[152]

Platform Update

The Platform Update for Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 was released on February 26, 2013[153] after a pre-release version had been released on November 5, 2012.[154] It is also included with Internet Explorer 10 for Windows 7.[155]

It includes enhancements to Direct2D, DirectWrite, Direct3D, Windows Imaging Component (WIC), Windows Advanced Rasterization Platform (WARP), Windows Animation Manager (WAM), XPS Document API, H.264 Video Decoder and JPEG XR decoder.[153] However support for Direct3D 11.1 is limited as the update does not include DXGI/WDDM 1.2 from Windows 8, making unavailable many related APIs and significant features such as stereoscopic frame buffer, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, feature level 11_1 and optional features for levels 10_0, 10_1 and 11_0.[156]

Disk Cleanup update

In October 2013, a Disk Cleanup Wizard addon was released that lets users delete outdated Windows updates on Windows 7 SP1, thus reducing the size of the WinSxS directory. This update backports some features found in Windows 8.[157]

Windows Management Framework 5.0

Windows Management Framework 5.0 includes updates to Windows PowerShell 5.0, Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC), Windows Remote Management (WinRM), Windows Management Vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software (WMI). It was released on February 24, 2016[158] and was eventually superseded by Windows Management Framework 5.1.[159]

Convenience rollup

In May 2016, Metal Gear Solid V The Phantom Pain PC Crack Torrent Download {2021} released a "Convenience rollup update for Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1," which contains all patches released between the release of SP1 and April 2016. The rollup is not available via Windows Update, and must be downloaded manually. This package can also be integrated into a Windows 7 installation image.[160]

Since October 2016, all security and reliability updates are cumulative. Downloading and installing updates that address individual problems is no longer possible, but the number of updates that must be downloaded to fully update the OS is significantly reduced.[161]

Monthly update rollups (July 2016-January 2020)

In June 2018, Microsoft announced that they'll be moving Windows 7 to a monthly update model beginning with updates released in September 2018[162] - two years after Microsoft switched the rest of their supported operating systems to that model.[163]

With the new update model, instead of updates being released as they became available, only two update packages were released on the second Tuesday of every month until Windows 7 reached its end of life - one package containing security and quality updates, and a smaller package that contained only the security updates. Users could choose which package they wanted to install each month. Later in the month, another package would be released which was a preview of the next month's security and quality update rollup.

Installing the preview rollup package released for Windows 7 on March 19, 2019, or any later released rollup package, that makes Windows more reliable. This change was made so Microsoft could continue to service the operating system while avoiding “version-related issues”.[164]

Microsoft announced in July 2019 that the Microsoft Internet Games services on Windows XP and Windows Me would end on July 31, 2019 (and for Windows 7 on January 22, 2020).[165]

The last non-extended security update rollup packages were released on January 14, 2020, the last day that Windows 7 had extended support.[166]

End of support (after January 14, 2020)

On January 14, 2020, Windows 7 support ended with Microsoft no longer providing security updates or fixes after that date,[167] except for subscribers of the Windows 7 Extended Security Updates.[168] However, there have been two updates that have been issued to non-ESU subscribers:

In a support document, Microsoft has stated that a full-screen upgrade warning notification would be displayed on Windows 7 PCs on all editions except the Enterprise edition after January 15. The notification does not appear on machines connected to Active Directory, machines in kiosk mode, or machines subscribed for Extended Security Updates.[173]

Reception

Critical reception

Windows 7 received critical acclaim, with critics noting the increased usability and functionality when compared with its predecessor, Windows Vista. CNET gave Windows 7 Home Premium a rating of 4.5 out of 5 stars,[174] stating that it "is more than what Vista should have been, [and] it's where Microsoft vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software to go". PC Magazine rated it a 4 out of 5 saying that Windows 7 is a "big improvement" over Windows Vista, with fewer compatibility problems, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, a retooled taskbar, simpler home networking and faster start-up.[175]Maximum PC gave Windows 7 a rating of 9 out of 10 and called Windows 7 a "massive leap forward" in usability and security, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, and praised the new Taskbar as "worth the price of admission alone."[176]PC World called Windows 7 a "worthy successor" to Windows XP and said that speed benchmarks showed Windows 7 to be slightly faster than Windows Vista.[177] PC World also named Windows 7 one of the best products of the year.[178] In its review of Windows 7, Engadget said that Microsoft had taken a "strong step forward" with Windows 7 and reported that speed is one of Windows 7's major selling points—particularly for the netbook sets.[179]Laptop Magazine gave Windows 7 a rating of 4 out of 5 stars and said that Windows 7 makes computing more intuitive, offered better overall performance including a "modest to dramatic" increase in battery life on laptop computers.[180]TechRadar gave Windows 7 a rating of 5 out of 5 stars, concluding that "it combines the security and architectural improvements of Windows Vista with better performance than XP can deliver on today's hardware. No version of Windows is ever perfect, but Windows 7 really is the best release of Windows yet."[181]USA Today[182] and The Telegraph[183] also gave Windows 7 favorable reviews.

Nick Wingfield of The Wall Street Journal wrote, "Visually arresting," and Edraw Max free download Archives pleasure."[184][185] Mary Branscombe of Financial Times wrote, "A clear leap forward."[186] of Gizmodo wrote, "Windows 7 Kills Snow Leopard."[187] Don Reisinger of CNET wrote, "Delightful."[188] David Pogue of The New York Times wrote, "Faster."[189][190] J. Peter Bruzzese and Richi Jennings of Computerworld wrote, "Ready."[191][192]

Some Windows Vista Ultimate users have expressed concerns over Windows 7 pricing and upgrade options.[193][194] Windows Vista Ultimate users wanting to upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7 had to either pay $219.99[195] to upgrade to Windows 7 Ultimate or perform a clean install, which requires them to reinstall all of their programs.[196]

The changes to User Account Control on Windows 7 were criticized for being potentially insecure, as an exploit was discovered allowing untrusted software to be launched with elevated privileges by exploiting a trusted component. Peter Bright of Ars Technica argued that "the way that the Windows 7 UAC 'improvements' have been made completely exempts Microsoft's developers from having to do that work themselves. With Windows 7, it's one rule for Redmond, another one for everyone else."[197] Microsoft's Windows kernel engineer Mark Russinovich acknowledged the problem, but noted that malware can also compromise a system when users agree to a prompt.[94][198]

Sales

In July 2009, in only eight hours, pre-orders of Windows 7 at amazon.co.uk surpassed the demand which Windows Vista had in its first 17 weeks.[199] It became the highest-grossing pre-order in Amazon's history, surpassing sales of the previous record holder, the seventh Harry Potter book.[200] After 36 hours, 64-bit versions of Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate editions sold out in Japan.[201] Two weeks after its release its market share had surpassed that of Snow Leopard, released two months previously as the most recent update to Apple'sMac OS X operating system.[202][203] According to Net Applications, Windows 7 reached a 4% market share in less than three weeks; in comparison, it took Windows Vista seven months to reach the same mark.[204][205] As of February 2014, Windows 7 had a market share of 47.49% according to Net Applications; in comparison, Windows XP had a market share of 29.23%.[206]

On March 4, 2010, Microsoft announced that it had sold more than 90 million licenses.[207] By April 23, 2010, more than 100 million copies were sold in six months, which made it Microsoft's fastest-selling operating system.[208][209] As of June 23, 2010, Windows 7 has sold 150 million copies which made it the fastest selling operating system in history with seven copies sold every second.[209][210] Based on worldwide data taken during June 2010 from Windows Update 46% of Windows 7 PCs run the 64-bit edition of Windows 7.[211] According to Stephen Baker of the NPD Group during April 2010 in the United States 77% of PCs sold at retail were pre-installed with the 64-bit edition of Windows 7.[211][212] As of July 22, 2010, Windows 7 had sold 175 million copies.[213] On October 21, 2010, Microsoft announced that more than 240 million copies of Windows 7 had been sold.[214] Three months later, on January 27, 2011, Microsoft announced total sales of 300 million copies of Windows 7.[215] On July 12, 2011, the sales figure was refined to over 400 million end-user licenses and business installations.[216] As of July 9, 2012, over 630 million licenses have been sold; this number includes licenses sold to OEMs for new PCs.[217]

Antitrust concerns

As with other Microsoft operating systems, Windows 7 was studied by United States federal regulators who oversee the company's operations following the 2001 United States v. Microsoft Corp. settlement. According to status reports filed, the three-member panel began assessing prototypes of the new operating system in February 2008. Michael Gartenberg, an analyst at Jupiter Research, said, "[Microsoft's] challenge for Windows 7 will be how can they continue to add features that consumers will want that also don't run afoul of regulators."[218]

In order to comply with European antitrust regulations, Microsoft proposed the use of a "ballot" screen containing download links to competing web browsers, thus removing the need for a version of Windows completely without Internet Explorer, as previously planned.[219] Microsoft announced that it would discard the separate version for Europe and ship the standard upgrade and full packages worldwide, in response to criticism involving Windows 7 E and concerns from manufacturers about possible consumer confusion if a version of Windows 7 with Internet Explorer were shipped later, after one without Internet Explorer.[220]

As with the previous version of Windows, an N version, which does not come with Windows Media Player, has been released in Europe, but only for sale directly from Microsoft sales websites and selected others.[221]

See also

  • BlueKeep, a security vulnerability discovered in May 2019 that affected most Windows NT-based computers up to Windows 7

References

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Screenshots for Windows Repair (All In One)

BleepingComputer Review:

Windows Repair is a utility that contains numerous mini-fixes for Windows.  This tool will allow you to repair common issues with your computer such as firewall, file permission, and Windows Update problems.  When using this tool you can select the particular fixes you would like to launch and start the repair process.  This tool also comes in a portable version that allows you to use the program from a portable device such as a USB flash drive.

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Windows 7 Professional edition was designed for small business and professional users, it has all the features of Home Basic and Home Premium editions, and it includes addition features like Encrypting File System, Logical Disk Manager, Offline files, Windows Server Domain join, Windows XP Mode, and more. Compared to Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional Edition vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software more RAM and CPU support. The 32-bit version of Windows 7 Professional version supports up to 4 GB RAM, while the 64-bit version supports 192 GB RAM, as well as supports up to two physical processors in the system.

N, KN versions, and VL build ISO files are available in the download menu.

General information from Windows 7 (for all editions)

Windows 7 (the successor to Windows Vista) was released to the public on October 22, 2009, and was more successful than Windows Vista. The graphical user interface of Windows 7 is similar to Windows Vista, glass-like interface design (known as Windows Aero) is available in all versions of Windows 7 (except the Starter Edition). Compared to the earlier version, many new features have been added to the user interface, such that the taskbar can now pin the app, users can use the photo slideshow as a desktop wallpaper, redesign of Windows Explorer and Notification area, new jump list menu when right-click in the taskbar app, new keyboard shortcuts to control UI elements, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software, new Window management features, and much more.

There are some new features and functionality available in Windows 7 that are not available in Windows Vista such as, Libraries in Winidows Explorer, Multi-Touch enabled, app work progress in taskbar, Devices and Printers in control panel, Device Stage, easy dual monitor setup, home groupMicrosoft Virtual PC, VHD (Virtual Hard Disk) file format support, and many improvements in performance and hardware support. Your favorite pre-installed apps like Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player and Windows Media Center come with the latest version in Windows 7.

Windows 7 overall more stable, secure, and improved version of Vista. There are 6 different editions of Windows 7, which are Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise and Ultimate. Except the Starter, all versions are available for 32 and 64-bit capable systems. A service pack and platform update was issued by Microsoft for Windows 7, vista windows iso download Archives - Download Pro Crack Software. Both service pack and platform update include hardware / software support improvements, while the platform update include new version of IE browser, Internet Explorer 10.

Specification (Professional edition)

Available in100+ languages
CPU Platform(s)IA-32, X86-64
LicenseCommercial

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System requirements

Minimum for Windows 7 professional:

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  • 1GB of RAM.
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Not What You’re Looking For?

Older Releases

All present and past releases can be found in our download area.

Installation Notes

For a complete list of system requirements and supported platforms, please consult the User's Guide.

Information about each release can be found in the release notes.

Each Windows package comes with the latest stable release of Npcap, which is required for live packet capture. If needed you can download separately from the Npcap web site.

You can also capture packets using WinPcap, although it is no longer maintained or supported.

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Not What You’re Looking For?

Older Releases

All present and past releases can be found in our download area.

Installation Notes

For a complete list of system requirements and supported platforms, please consult the User's Guide.

Information about each release can be found in the release notes.

Each Windows package comes with the latest stable release of Npcap, which is required for live packet capture. If needed you can download separately from the Npcap web site.

You can also capture packets using WinPcap, although it is no longer maintained or supported.

Live on the Bleeding Edge

You can download source code packages and Windows installers which are automatically created each time code is checked into the source code repository. These packages are available in the automated build section of our download area.

Go Spelunking

You can explore the download areas of the main site and mirrors below. Past releases can be found by browsing the all-versions directories under each platform directory.

  • Wireshark Foundation (https, us)
  • Wireshark Foundation (https, us)
  • Wireshark Foundation (https, us)
  • Wireshark Foundation (https, us)
  • University of Kaiserslautern (ftp, de)
  • University of Kaiserslautern (http, de)
  • Yamagata University, Japan (http, jp)
  • Yamagata University, Japan (ftp, jp)
  • Yamagata University, Japan (rsync, jp)
  • MARWAN, Morocco (https, ma)
  • Wireshark.org (https, us)

Stay Current

You can stay informed about new Wireshark releases by subscribing to the wireshark-announce mailing list. We also provide a PAD file to make automated checking easier.

Verify Downloads

File hashes for the 3.4.10 release can be found in the signatures file. It is signed with key id 0xE6FEAEEA. Prior to April 2016 downloads were signed with key id 0x21F2949A.

Stay Legal

Wireshark is subject to U.S. export regulations. Take heed. Consult a lawyer if you have any questions.

Third-Party Packages

Wireshark packages are available for most platforms, including the ones listed below.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Windows 7

Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2009

Windows logo - 2006.svg
Windows 7 SP1 screenshot.png

Screenshot of Windows 7, showing its desktop, taskbar, Start menu and the glass effect of Windows Aero

DeveloperMicrosoft
Source model
Released to
manufacturing
July 22, 2009; 12 years ago (2009-07-22)[1]
General
availability
October 22, 2009; 12 years ago (2009-10-22)[2]
Latest releaseService Pack 1 (6.1.7601.24499) / February 9, 2011; 10 years ago (2011-02-09)[3]
Update methodWindows Update
PlatformsIA-32 and x86-64
Kernel typeHybrid
UserlandWindows API, NTVDM, SUA
LicenseProprietarycommercial software
Preceded byWindows Vista (2007)[4]
Succeeded byWindows 8 (2012)
Mainstream support ended on January 13, 2015 (2015-01-13).[5][6]
Extended support ended on January 14, 2020 (2020-01-14).[5][6]
Windows 7 is eligible for the Extended Security Updates service. This service is available via OEMs, in yearly installments. Security updates are available for the operating system through at most January 10, 2023 only for Professional and Enterprise volume licensed editions, through October 10, 2023 for Windows Embedded Standard 7, and through October 14, 2024 for Windows Embedded POSReady 7.[7][8]

Exceptions exist, see § Support lifecycle for details.

Installing Service Pack 1 is required for users to receive updates and support after April 9, 2013.[5][6]

Windows 7 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and became generally available on October 22, 2009.[9] It is the successor to Windows Vista, released nearly three years earlier. It remained an operating system for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs, and itself was replaced in November 2012 by Windows 8, the name spanning more than three years of the product. Until April 9, 2013, Windows 7 RTM provided content such as security updates, software updates, PC driver updates and technical support, after which installation of Service Pack 1 is required for users to receive support and updates. Windows 7's server counterpart, Windows Server 2008 R2, was released at the same time. The last supported version of Windows based on this operating system was released on July 1, 2011, entitled Windows Embedded POSReady 7. On January 12, 2016, Microsoft ended support for Internet Explorer versions older than Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7.[10][11][12] Extended support ended on January 14, 2020, over ten years after the release of Windows 7, after which the operating system ceased receiving further support or security updates to most users, and all PCs that blocks Windows Update on Windows 7 versions newer than KB4499164 released in May 2019 displays a full-screen upgrade warning notification with an information page link starting from January 15, 2020. A support program is currently available for enterprises, providing security updates for Windows 7 for up to four years since the official end of life.[13] However, Windows Embedded POSReady 7, the last Windows 7 variant, continued to receive security updates until October 2021.

Windows 7 was intended to be an incremental upgrade to Microsoft Windows, addressing Windows Vista's poor critical reception while maintaining hardware and software compatibility. Windows 7 continued improvements on Windows Aero (the user interface introduced in Windows Vista) with the addition of a redesigned taskbar that allows applications to be "pinned" to it, and new window management features. Other new features were added to the operating system, including libraries, the new file-sharing system HomeGroup, and support for multitouch input. A new "Action Center" interface was also added to provide an overview of system security and maintenance information, and tweaks were made to the User Account Control system to make it less intrusive. Windows 7 also shipped with updated versions of several stock applications, including Internet Explorer 8, Windows Media Player, and Windows Media Center.

Unlike Vista, Windows 7 received critical acclaim, with critics considering the operating system to be a major improvement over its predecessor because of its improved performance, its more intuitive interface (with particular praise devoted to the new taskbar), fewer User Account Control popups, and other improvements made across the platform. Windows 7 was a major success for Microsoft; even before its official release, pre-order sales for the operating system on the online retailer Amazon.com had surpassed previous records. In just six months, over 100 million copies had been sold worldwide, increasing to over 630 million licenses by July 2012. By January 2018, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide;[14] and by May 2020, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows in China.[15] As of June 2021[update], 15.52% of traditional PCs running Windows are running Windows 7 (and thus 5% of all devices across platforms).[16] It still remains popular in countries such as Turkmenistan, China, India, and Venezuela.[17][18][19][20]

Development history

Originally, a version of Windows codenamed "Blackcomb" was planned as the successor to Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 in 2000. Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named WinFS to enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed "Longhorn," was announced for 2003, delaying the development of Blackcomb.[21] By the middle of 2003, however, Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb. After three major malware outbreaks—the Blaster, Nachi, and Sobig worms—exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in August 2003,[22] Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista) was also restarted, and thus delayed, in August 2004. A number of features were cut from Longhorn.[23] Blackcomb was renamed Vienna in early 2006,[24] and was later canceled in 2007 due to the scope of the project.[25]

When released, Windows Vista was criticized for its long development time, performance issues, spotty compatibility with existing hardware and software at launch, changes affecting the compatibility of certain PC games, and unclear assurances by Microsoft that certain computers shipping with XP before launch would be "Vista Capable" (which led to a class-action lawsuit), among other critiques. As such, the adoption of Vista in comparison to XP remained somewhat low.[26][27][28] In July 2007, six months following the public release of Vista, it was reported that the next version of Windows would then be codenamed Windows 7, with plans for a final release within three years.[29][30]Bill Gates, in an interview withNewsweek, suggested that Windows 7 would be more "user-centric".[31] Gates later said that Windows 7 would also focus on performance improvements.[32]Steven Sinofsky later expanded on this point, explaining in the Engineering Windows 7 blog that the company was using a variety of new tracing tools to measure the performance of many areas of the operating system on an ongoing basis, to help locate inefficient code paths and to help prevent performance regressions.[33]Senior Vice President Bill Veghte stated that Windows Vista users migrating to Windows 7 would not find the kind of device compatibility issues they encountered migrating from Windows XP.[34] An estimated 1,000 developers worked on Windows 7. These were broadly divided into "core operating system" and "Windows client experience", in turn organized into 25 teams of around 40 developers on average.[35]

In October 2008, it was announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system.[36][37] There has been some confusion over naming the product Windows 7,[38] while versioning it as 6.1 to indicate its similar build to Vista and increase compatibility with applications that only check major version numbers, similar to Windows 2000 and Windows XP both having 5.x version numbers.[39] The first external release to select Microsoft partners came in January 2008 with Milestone 1, build 6519.[40] Speaking about Windows 7 on October 16, 2008, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer confirmed compatibility between Windows Vista and Windows 7, indicating that Windows 7 would be a refined version of Windows Vista.[41]

At PDC 2008, Microsoft demonstrated Windows 7 with its reworked taskbar.[42] On December 27, 2008, the Windows 7 Beta was leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent.[43] According to a performance test by ZDNet,[44] Windows 7 Beta beat both Windows XP and Vista in several key areas, including boot and shutdown time and working with files, such as loading documents. Other areas did not beat XP, including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing, which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP.[45] On January 7, 2009, the x64 version of the Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web, with some torrents being infected with a trojan.[46][47] At CES 2009, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced the Windows 7 Beta, build 7000, had been made available for download to MSDN and TechNet subscribers in the format of an ISO image.[48] The stock wallpaper of the beta version contained a digital image of the Betta fish.[49]

The release candidate, build 7100, became available for MSDN and TechNet subscribers, and Connect Program participants on April 30, 2009. On May 5, 2009, it became available to the general public, although it had also been leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent.[50] The release candidate was available in five languages and expired on June 1, 2010, with shutdowns every two hours starting March 1, 2010.[51] Microsoft stated that Windows 7 would be released to the general public on October 22, 2009, less than three years after the launch of its predecessor. Microsoft released Windows 7 to MSDN and Technet subscribers on August 6, 2009.[52] Microsoft announced that Windows 7, along with Windows Server 2008 R2, was released to manufacturing in the United States and Canada on July 22, 2009. Windows 7 RTM is build 7600.16385.090713-1255, which was compiled on July 13, 2009, and was declared the final RTM build after passing all Microsoft's tests internally.[53]

Features

New and changed

Main article: Features new to Windows 7

Among Windows 7's new features are advances in touch and handwriting recognition,[54] support for virtual hard disks,[55] improved performance on multi-core processors,[56][57][58][59] improved boot performance, DirectAccess, and kernel improvements. Windows 7 adds support for systems using multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors (Heterogeneous Multi-adapter),[60] a new version of Windows Media Center,[61] a Gadget for Windows Media Center, improved media features, XPS Essentials Pack[62] and Windows PowerShell[63] being included, and a redesigned Calculator with multiline capabilities including Programmer and Statistics modes along with unit conversion for length, weight, temperature, and several others.[64] Many new items have been added to the Control Panel, including ClearType Text Tuner[65] Display Color Calibration Wizard,[66]Gadgets, Recovery, Troubleshooting, Workspaces Center, Location and Other Sensors, Credential Manager, Biometric Devices, System Icons, and Display.[67]Windows Security Center has been renamed to Windows Action Center (Windows Health Center and Windows Solution Center in earlier builds), which encompasses both security and maintenance of the computer. ReadyBoost on 32-bit editions now supports up to 256 gigabytes of extra allocation. Windows 7 also supports images in RAW image format through the addition of Windows Imaging Component-enabled image decoders, which enables raw image thumbnails, previewing and metadata display in Windows Explorer, plus full-size viewing and slideshows in Windows Photo Viewer and Windows Media Center.[68] Windows 7 also has a native TFTP client with the ability to transfer files to or from a TFTP server.[69]

The default taskbar of Windows 7.

The taskbar has seen the biggest visual changes, where the old Quick Launch toolbar has been replaced with the ability to pin applications to the taskbar. Buttons for pinned applications are integrated with the task buttons. These buttons also enable Jump Lists to allow easy access to common tasks, and files frequently used with specific applications.[70] The revamped taskbar also allows the reordering of taskbar buttons. To the far right of the system, the clock is a small rectangular button that serves as the Show desktop icon. By default, hovering over this button makes all visible windows transparent for a quick look at the desktop.[71] In touch-enabled displays such as touch screens, tablet PCs, etc., this button is slightly (8 pixels) wider in order to accommodate being pressed by a finger.[72] Clicking this button minimizes all windows, and clicking it a second time restores them.

Window management in Windows 7 has several new features: Aero Snap maximizes a window when it is dragged to the top, left, or right of the screen.[73] Dragging windows to the left or right edges of the screen allows users to snap software windows to either side of the screen, such that the windows take up half the screen. When a user moves windows that were snapped or maximized using Snap, the system restores their previous state. Snap functions can also be triggered with keyboard shortcuts. Aero Shake hides all inactive windows when the active window's title bar is dragged back and forth rapidly.

When the Action Center flag is clicked on, it lists all security and maintenance issues in a small pop-up window.

Windows 7 includes 13 additional sound schemes, titled Afternoon, Calligraphy, Characters, Cityscape, Delta, Festival, Garden, Heritage, Landscape, Quirky, Raga, Savanna, and Sonata.[74] Internet Spades, Internet Backgammon and Internet Checkers, which were removed from Windows Vista, were restored in Windows 7. Users are able to disable or customize many more Windows components than was possible in Windows Vista. New additions to this list of components include Internet Explorer 8, Windows Media Player 12, Windows Media Center, Windows Search, and Windows Gadget Platform.[75] A new version of Microsoft Virtual PC, newly renamed as Windows Virtual PC was made available for Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions.[76] It allows multiple Windows environments, including Windows XP Mode, to run on the same machine. Windows XP Mode runs Windows XP in a virtual machine, and displays applications within separate windows on the Windows 7 desktop.[77] Furthermore, Windows 7 supports the mounting of a virtual hard disk (VHD) as a normal data storage, and the bootloader delivered with Windows 7 can boot the Windows system from a VHD; however, this ability is only available in the Enterprise and Ultimate editions.[78] The Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) of Windows 7 is also enhanced to support real-time multimedia application including video playback and 3D games, thus allowing use of DirectX 10 in remote desktop environments.[79] The three application limit, previously present in the Windows Vista and Windows XP Starter Editions, has been removed from Windows 7.[80] All editions include some new and improved features, such as Windows Search, Security features, and some features new to Windows 7, that originated within Vista. Optional BitLocker Drive Encryption is included with Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise. Windows Defender is included; Microsoft Security Essentialsantivirus software is a free download. All editions include Shadow Copy, which—every day or so—System Restore uses to take an automatic "previous version" snapshot of user files that have changed.[81]Backup and restore have also been improved,[82][83] and the Windows Recovery Environment—installed by default—replaces the optional Recovery Console of Windows XP.[84]

A new system known as "Libraries" was added for file management; users can aggregate files from multiple folders into a "Library." By default, libraries for categories such as Documents, Pictures, Music, and Video are created, consisting of the user's personal folder and the Public folder for each. The system is also used as part of a new home networking system known as HomeGroup; devices are added to the network with a password, and files and folders can be shared with all other devices in the HomeGroup, or with specific users. The default libraries, along with printers, are shared by default, but the personal folder is set to read-only access by other users, and the Public folder can be accessed by anyone.[85][86]

Windows 7 includes improved globalization support through a new Extended Linguistic Services API[87] to provide multilingual support (particularly in Ultimate and Enterprise editions). Microsoft also implemented better support for solid-state drives,[88] including the new TRIM command, and Windows 7 is able to identify a solid-state drive uniquely. Native support for USB 3.0 is not included because of delays in the finalization of the standard.[89] At WinHEC 2008 Microsoft announced that color depths of 30-bit and 48-bit would be supported in Windows 7 along with the wide color gamut scRGB (which for HDMI 1.3 can be converted and output as xvYCC). The video modes supported in Windows 7 are 16-bit sRGB, 24-bit sRGB, 30-bit sRGB, 30-bit with extended color gamut sRGB, and 48-bit scRGB.[90][91]

For developers, Windows 7 includes a new networking API with support for building SOAP-based web services in native code (as opposed to .NET-based WCF web services),[92] new features to simplify development of installation packages and shorten application install times.[93] Windows 7, by default, generates fewer User Account Control (UAC) prompts because it allows digitally signed Windows components to gain elevated privileges without a prompt. Additionally, users can now adjust the level at which UAC operates using a sliding scale.[94]

Removed

Main article: List of features removed in Windows 7

Certain capabilities and programs that were a part of Windows Vista are no longer present or have been changed, resulting in the removal of certain functionalities; these include the classic Start Menu user interface, some taskbar features, Windows Explorer features, Windows Media Player features, Windows Ultimate Extras, Search button, and InkBall. Four applications bundled with Windows Vista—Windows Photo Gallery, Windows Movie Maker, Windows Calendar and Windows Mail—are not included with Windows 7 and were replaced by Windows Live-branded versions as part of the Windows Live Essentials suite.[95][96]

Editions

Main article: Windows 7 editions

Windows 7 is available in six different editions, of which the Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate were available at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on most new computers. Home Premium and Professional were aimed at home users and small businesses respectively, while Ultimate was aimed at enthusiasts. Each edition of Windows 7 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and adds additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Professional adds additional networking and security features such as Encrypting File System and the ability to join a domain. Ultimate contained a superset of the features from Home Premium and Professional, along with other advanced features oriented towards power users, such as BitLocker drive encryption; unlike Windows Vista, there were no "Ultimate Extras" add-ons created for Windows 7 Ultimate.[97][98][99] Retail copies were available in "upgrade" and higher-cost "full" version licenses; "upgrade" licenses require an existing version of Windows to install, while "full" licenses can be installed on computers with no existing operating system.[100]

The remaining three editions were not available at retail, of which two were available exclusively through OEM channels as pre-loaded software. The Starter edition is a stripped-down version of Windows 7 meant for low-cost devices such as netbooks. In comparison to Home Premium, Starter has reduced multimedia functionality, does not allow users to change their desktop wallpaper or theme, disables the "Aero Glass" theme, does not have support for multiple monitors, and can only address 2GB of RAM.[99][101]Home Basic was sold only in emerging markets, and was positioned in between Home Premium and Starter.[97][98] The highest edition, Enterprise, is functionally similar to Ultimate, but is only sold through volume licensing via Microsoft's Software Assurance program.[102][103][104]

All editions aside from Starter support both IA-32 and x86-64architectures, Starter only supports 32-bit systems.[99] Retail copies of Windows 7 are distributed on two DVDs: one for the IA-32 version and the other for x86-64. OEM copies include one DVD, depending on the processor architecture licensed. The installation media for consumer versions of Windows 7 are identical, the product key and corresponding license determines the edition that is installed. The Windows Anytime Upgrade service can be used to purchase an upgrade that unlocks the functionality of a higher edition, such as going from Starter to Home Premium, and Home Premium to Ultimate.[97] Most copies of Windows 7 only contained one license; in certain markets, a "Family Pack" version of Windows 7 Home Premium was also released for a limited time, which allowed upgrades on up to three computers.[105] In certain regions, copies of Windows 7 were only sold in, and could only be activated in a designated region.[106]

Support lifecycle

Mainstream supportJanuary 13, 2015 (2015-01-13)[5][6]
Extended supportJanuary 14, 2020 (2020-01-14)[5][6]
Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate,[5][6] as well as Professional for Embedded Systems and Ultimate for Embedded Systems[107]
Professional and Enterprise volume licensed editions, as well as Professional for Embedded SystemsExtended Security Updates (ESU) support until January 10, 2023[8]
Windows Thin PCMainstream support ended on October 11, 2016[108]
Extended support ended on October 12, 2021[108]
Windows Embedded Standard 7Mainstream support ended on October 13, 2015[107]
Extended support ended on October 15, 2020[107]
Extended Security Updates (ESU) support until October 10, 2023[8]
Windows Embedded POSReady 7Mainstream support ended on October 11, 2016[107]
Extended support ended on October 12, 2021[107]
Extended Security Updates (ESU) support until October 14, 2024[8]

Support for Windows 7 without Service Pack 1 ended on April 9, 2013, requiring users to update in order to continue receiving updates and support after 3 years, 8 months, and 18 days.[109] Microsoft ended the sale of new retail copies of Windows 7 in October 2014, and the sale of new OEM licenses for Windows 7 Home Basic, Home Premium, and Ultimate ended on October 31, 2014. OEM sales of PCs with Windows 7 Professional pre-installed ended on October 31, 2016.[110] The sale of non-Professional OEM licenses was stopped on October 31, 2014.[111] Support for Windows Vista ended on April 11, 2017, requiring users to upgrade in order to continue receiving updates and support.[112]

Mainstream support for Windows 7 ended on January 13, 2015. Extended support for Windows 7 ended on January 14, 2020.[113][114] In August 2019, Microsoft announced it will be offering a 'free' extended security updates to some business users.[115][116]

On September 7, 2018, Microsoft announced a paid "Extended Security Updates" service that will offer additional updates for Windows 7 Professional and Enterprise for up to three years after the end of extended support.[117]

Variants of Windows 7 for embedded systems and thin clients have different support policies: Windows Embedded Standard 7 support ended in October 2020. Windows Thin PC and Windows Embedded POSReady 7 had support until October 2021. Windows Embedded Standard 7 and Windows Embedded POSReady 7 also get Extended Security Updates for up to three years after their end of extended support date.[8] However, these embedded edition updates aren't able to be downloaded on non-embedded Windows 7 editions with a simple registry hack, unlike Windows XP with its embedded editions updates. Instead, a more complex patching tool, that allows the installation of pirated Extended Security Updates, ended up being the only solution to allow consumer variants to continue to receive updates.[118][119] The Extended Security Updates service on Windows Embedded POSReady 7 will expire on October 14, 2024. This will mark the final end of the Windows NT 6.1 product line after 15 years, 2 months, and 17 days.[8]

In March 2019, Microsoft announced that it would display notifications to users informing users of the upcoming end of support, and direct users to a website urging them to purchase a Windows 10 upgrade or a new computer.[120]

In August 2019, researchers reported that "all modern versions of Microsoft Windows" may be at risk for "critical" system compromise because of design flaws of hardware device drivers from multiple providers.[121] In the same month, computer experts reported that the BlueKeepsecurity vulnerability, CVE-2019-0708, that potentially affects older unpatched Microsoft Windows versions via the program's Remote Desktop Protocol, allowing for the possibility of remote code execution, may now include related flaws, collectively named DejaBlue, affecting newer Windows versions (i.e., Windows 7 and all recent versions) as well.[122] In addition, experts reported a Microsoftsecurity vulnerability, CVE-2019-1162, based on legacy code involving Microsoft CTF and ctfmon (ctfmon.exe), that affects all Windows versions from the older Windows XP version to the most recent Windows 10 versions; a patch to correct the flaw is currently available.[123] As of January 15, 2020, Windows Update is blocked from running on Windows 7.

In September 2019, Microsoft announced that it would provide free security updates for Windows 7 on federally-certified voting machines through the 2020 United States elections.[124]

System requirements

Additional requirements to use certain features:[125]

Extent of hardware support

Physical memory

The maximum amount of RAM that Windows 7 supports varies depending on the product edition and on the processor architecture, as shown in the following table.[128]

Processor limits

Windows 7 Professional and up support up to 2 physical processors (CPU sockets),[129] whereas Windows 7 Starter, Home Basic, and Home Premium editions support only 1.[130] Physical processors with either multiple cores, or hyper-threading, or both, implement more than one logical processor per physical processor. The x86 editions of Windows 7 support up to 32 logical processors; x64 editions support up to 256 (4 x 64).[131]

In January 2016, Microsoft announced that it would no longer support Windows platforms older than Windows 10 on any future Intel-compatible processor lines, citing difficulties in reliably allowing the operating system to operate on newer hardware. Microsoft stated that effective July 17, 2017, devices with Intel Skylake CPUs were only to receive the "most critical" updates for Windows 7 and 8.1, and only if they have been judged not to affect the reliability of Windows 7 on older hardware.[113][132] For enterprise customers, Microsoft issued a list of Skylake-based devices "certified" for Windows 7 and 8.1 in addition to Windows 10, to assist them in migrating to newer hardware that can eventually be upgraded to 10 once they are ready to transition. Microsoft and their hardware partners provide special testing and support for these devices on 7 and 8.1 until the July 2017 date.[133]

On March 18, 2016, in response to criticism from enterprise customers, Microsoft delayed the end of support and non-critical updates for Skylake systems to July 17, 2018, but stated that they would also continue to receive security updates through the end of extended support.[134][135] In August 2016, citing a "strong partnership with our OEM partners and Intel", Microsoft retracted the decision and stated that it would continue to support Windows 7 and 8.1 on Skylake hardware through the end of their extended support lifecycle. However, the restrictions on newer CPU microarchitectures remain in force.[136][137]

In March 2017, a Microsoft knowledge base article announced which implies that devices using Intel Kaby Lake, AMD Bristol Ridge, or AMD Ryzen, would be blocked from using Windows Update entirely.[138][139] In addition, official Windows 7 device drivers are not available for the Kaby Lake and Ryzen platforms.[140][141]

Security updates released since March 2018 contain bugs which affect processors that do not support SSE2 extensions, including all Pentium III processors. Microsoft initially stated that it would attempt to resolve the issue, and prevented installation of the affected patches on these systems. However, on June 15, 2018, Microsoft retroactively modified its support documents to remove the promise that this bug would be resolved, replacing it with a statement suggesting that users obtain a newer processor. This effectively ends future patch support for Windows 7 on these systems.[142][143]

Updates

Service Pack 1

Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1) was announced on March 18, 2010. A beta was released on July 12, 2010.[144][145][146] The final version was released to the public on February 22, 2011.[147] At the time of release, it was not made mandatory. It was available via Windows Update, direct download, or by ordering the Windows 7 SP1 DVD.[148] The service pack is on a much smaller scale than those released for previous versions of Windows, particularly Windows Vista.[149]

Windows 7 Service Pack 1 adds support for Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX), a 256-bit instruction set extension for processors, and improves IKEv2 by adding additional identification fields such as E-mail ID to it. In addition, it adds support for Advanced Format 512e as well as additional Identity Federation Services.[150][151] Windows 7 Service Pack 1 also resolves a bug related to HDMI audio and another related to printing XPS documents.[150]

In Europe, the automatic nature of the BrowserChoice.eu feature was dropped in Windows 7 Service Pack 1 in February 2011 and remained absent for 14 months despite Microsoft reporting that it was still present, subsequently described by Microsoft as a "technical error." As a result, in March 2013, the European Commission fined Microsoft €561 million to deter companies from reneging on settlement promises.[152]

Platform Update

The Platform Update for Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 was released on February 26, 2013[153] after a pre-release version had been released on November 5, 2012.[154] It is also included with Internet Explorer 10 for Windows 7.[155]

It includes enhancements to Direct2D, DirectWrite, Direct3D, Windows Imaging Component (WIC), Windows Advanced Rasterization Platform (WARP), Windows Animation Manager (WAM), XPS Document API, H.264 Video Decoder and JPEG XR decoder.[153] However support for Direct3D 11.1 is limited as the update does not include DXGI/WDDM 1.2 from Windows 8, making unavailable many related APIs and significant features such as stereoscopic frame buffer, feature level 11_1 and optional features for levels 10_0, 10_1 and 11_0.[156]

Disk Cleanup update

In October 2013, a Disk Cleanup Wizard addon was released that lets users delete outdated Windows updates on Windows 7 SP1, thus reducing the size of the WinSxS directory. This update backports some features found in Windows 8.[157]

Windows Management Framework 5.0

Windows Management Framework 5.0 includes updates to Windows PowerShell 5.0, Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC), Windows Remote Management (WinRM), Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI). It was released on February 24, 2016[158] and was eventually superseded by Windows Management Framework 5.1.[159]

Convenience rollup

In May 2016, Microsoft released a "Convenience rollup update for Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1," which contains all patches released between the release of SP1 and April 2016. The rollup is not available via Windows Update, and must be downloaded manually. This package can also be integrated into a Windows 7 installation image.[160]

Since October 2016, all security and reliability updates are cumulative. Downloading and installing updates that address individual problems is no longer possible, but the number of updates that must be downloaded to fully update the OS is significantly reduced.[161]

Monthly update rollups (July 2016-January 2020)

In June 2018, Microsoft announced that they'll be moving Windows 7 to a monthly update model beginning with updates released in September 2018[162] - two years after Microsoft switched the rest of their supported operating systems to that model.[163]

With the new update model, instead of updates being released as they became available, only two update packages were released on the second Tuesday of every month until Windows 7 reached its end of life - one package containing security and quality updates, and a smaller package that contained only the security updates. Users could choose which package they wanted to install each month. Later in the month, another package would be released which was a preview of the next month's security and quality update rollup.

Installing the preview rollup package released for Windows 7 on March 19, 2019, or any later released rollup package, that makes Windows more reliable. This change was made so Microsoft could continue to service the operating system while avoiding “version-related issues”.[164]

Microsoft announced in July 2019 that the Microsoft Internet Games services on Windows XP and Windows Me would end on July 31, 2019 (and for Windows 7 on January 22, 2020).[165]

The last non-extended security update rollup packages were released on January 14, 2020, the last day that Windows 7 had extended support.[166]

End of support (after January 14, 2020)

On January 14, 2020, Windows 7 support ended with Microsoft no longer providing security updates or fixes after that date,[167] except for subscribers of the Windows 7 Extended Security Updates.[168] However, there have been two updates that have been issued to non-ESU subscribers:

In a support document, Microsoft has stated that a full-screen upgrade warning notification would be displayed on Windows 7 PCs on all editions except the Enterprise edition after January 15. The notification does not appear on machines connected to Active Directory, machines in kiosk mode, or machines subscribed for Extended Security Updates.[173]

Reception

Critical reception

Windows 7 received critical acclaim, with critics noting the increased usability and functionality when compared with its predecessor, Windows Vista. CNET gave Windows 7 Home Premium a rating of 4.5 out of 5 stars,[174] stating that it "is more than what Vista should have been, [and] it's where Microsoft needed to go". PC Magazine rated it a 4 out of 5 saying that Windows 7 is a "big improvement" over Windows Vista, with fewer compatibility problems, a retooled taskbar, simpler home networking and faster start-up.[175]Maximum PC gave Windows 7 a rating of 9 out of 10 and called Windows 7 a "massive leap forward" in usability and security, and praised the new Taskbar as "worth the price of admission alone."[176]PC World called Windows 7 a "worthy successor" to Windows XP and said that speed benchmarks showed Windows 7 to be slightly faster than Windows Vista.[177] PC World also named Windows 7 one of the best products of the year.[178] In its review of Windows 7, Engadget said that Microsoft had taken a "strong step forward" with Windows 7 and reported that speed is one of Windows 7's major selling points—particularly for the netbook sets.[179]Laptop Magazine gave Windows 7 a rating of 4 out of 5 stars and said that Windows 7 makes computing more intuitive, offered better overall performance including a "modest to dramatic" increase in battery life on laptop computers.[180]TechRadar gave Windows 7 a rating of 5 out of 5 stars, concluding that "it combines the security and architectural improvements of Windows Vista with better performance than XP can deliver on today's hardware. No version of Windows is ever perfect, but Windows 7 really is the best release of Windows yet."[181]USA Today[182] and The Telegraph[183] also gave Windows 7 favorable reviews.

Nick Wingfield of The Wall Street Journal wrote, "Visually arresting," and "A pleasure."[184][185] Mary Branscombe of Financial Times wrote, "A clear leap forward."[186] of Gizmodo wrote, "Windows 7 Kills Snow Leopard."[187] Don Reisinger of CNET wrote, "Delightful."[188] David Pogue of The New York Times wrote, "Faster."[189][190] J. Peter Bruzzese and Richi Jennings of Computerworld wrote, "Ready."[191][192]

Some Windows Vista Ultimate users have expressed concerns over Windows 7 pricing and upgrade options.[193][194] Windows Vista Ultimate users wanting to upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7 had to either pay $219.99[195] to upgrade to Windows 7 Ultimate or perform a clean install, which requires them to reinstall all of their programs.[196]

The changes to User Account Control on Windows 7 were criticized for being potentially insecure, as an exploit was discovered allowing untrusted software to be launched with elevated privileges by exploiting a trusted component. Peter Bright of Ars Technica argued that "the way that the Windows 7 UAC 'improvements' have been made completely exempts Microsoft's developers from having to do that work themselves. With Windows 7, it's one rule for Redmond, another one for everyone else."[197] Microsoft's Windows kernel engineer Mark Russinovich acknowledged the problem, but noted that malware can also compromise a system when users agree to a prompt.[94][198]

Sales

In July 2009, in only eight hours, pre-orders of Windows 7 at amazon.co.uk surpassed the demand which Windows Vista had in its first 17 weeks.[199] It became the highest-grossing pre-order in Amazon's history, surpassing sales of the previous record holder, the seventh Harry Potter book.[200] After 36 hours, 64-bit versions of Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate editions sold out in Japan.[201] Two weeks after its release its market share had surpassed that of Snow Leopard, released two months previously as the most recent update to Apple'sMac OS X operating system.[202][203] According to Net Applications, Windows 7 reached a 4% market share in less than three weeks; in comparison, it took Windows Vista seven months to reach the same mark.[204][205] As of February 2014, Windows 7 had a market share of 47.49% according to Net Applications; in comparison, Windows XP had a market share of 29.23%.[206]

On March 4, 2010, Microsoft announced that it had sold more than 90 million licenses.[207] By April 23, 2010, more than 100 million copies were sold in six months, which made it Microsoft's fastest-selling operating system.[208][209] As of June 23, 2010, Windows 7 has sold 150 million copies which made it the fastest selling operating system in history with seven copies sold every second.[209][210] Based on worldwide data taken during June 2010 from Windows Update 46% of Windows 7 PCs run the 64-bit edition of Windows 7.[211] According to Stephen Baker of the NPD Group during April 2010 in the United States 77% of PCs sold at retail were pre-installed with the 64-bit edition of Windows 7.[211][212] As of July 22, 2010, Windows 7 had sold 175 million copies.[213] On October 21, 2010, Microsoft announced that more than 240 million copies of Windows 7 had been sold.[214] Three months later, on January 27, 2011, Microsoft announced total sales of 300 million copies of Windows 7.[215] On July 12, 2011, the sales figure was refined to over 400 million end-user licenses and business installations.[216] As of July 9, 2012, over 630 million licenses have been sold; this number includes licenses sold to OEMs for new PCs.[217]

Antitrust concerns

As with other Microsoft operating systems, Windows 7 was studied by United States federal regulators who oversee the company's operations following the 2001 United States v. Microsoft Corp. settlement. According to status reports filed, the three-member panel began assessing prototypes of the new operating system in February 2008. Michael Gartenberg, an analyst at Jupiter Research, said, "[Microsoft's] challenge for Windows 7 will be how can they continue to add features that consumers will want that also don't run afoul of regulators."[218]

In order to comply with European antitrust regulations, Microsoft proposed the use of a "ballot" screen containing download links to competing web browsers, thus removing the need for a version of Windows completely without Internet Explorer, as previously planned.[219] Microsoft announced that it would discard the separate version for Europe and ship the standard upgrade and full packages worldwide, in response to criticism involving Windows 7 E and concerns from manufacturers about possible consumer confusion if a version of Windows 7 with Internet Explorer were shipped later, after one without Internet Explorer.[220]

As with the previous version of Windows, an N version, which does not come with Windows Media Player, has been released in Europe, but only for sale directly from Microsoft sales websites and selected others.[221]

See also

  • BlueKeep, a security vulnerability discovered in May 2019 that affected most Windows NT-based computers up to Windows 7

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  86. ^LeBlanc, Brandon (October 28, 2008). "How Libraries & HomeGroup Work Together in Windows 7". Windows Team Blog. Microsoft. Archived from the original on November 2, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
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Screenshots for Windows Repair (All In One)

BleepingComputer Review:

Windows Repair is a utility that contains numerous mini-fixes for Windows.  This tool will allow you to repair common issues with your computer such as firewall, file permission, and Windows Update problems.  When using this tool you can select the particular fixes you would like to launch and start the repair process.  This tool also comes in a portable version that allows you to use the program from a portable device such as a USB flash drive.

Windows Repair can perform the following tasks:

  • Reset Registry Permissions
  • Reset File Permissions
  • Register System Files
  • Repair WMI
  • Repair Windows Firewall
  • Repair Internet Explorer
  • Repair MDAC & MS Jet
  • Repair Hosts File
  • Remove Policies Set By Infections
  • Repair Icons
  • Repair Winsock & DNS Cache
  • Remove Temp Files
  • Repair Proxy Settings
  • Unhide Non System Files
  • Repair Windows Updates
  • Repair CD/DVD Missing/Not Working


Tweaking.com - Windows Repair 4.11.6 Change Log

Updated default registry and file permissions for Windows 10 as of Aug 12th 2021.

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About PowerISO

SUPPORT ALL CD/DVD/BD IMAGE FILES...

CREATE, EXTRACT, BURN, MOUNT IMAGE FILES...

SUPPORT BOTH 32 BIT AND 64 BIT WINDOWS...

SUPPORT WINDOWS 10, WINDOWS 8, WINDOWS 7...

November 5, 2021 PowerISO v8.1 released...

 

PowerISO is a powerful CD / DVD / BD image file processing tool, which allows you to open, extract, burn, create, edit, compress, encrypt, split and convert ISO files, and mount ISO files with internal virtual drive. It can process almost all CD / DVD / BD image files including ISO and BIN files. PowerISO provides an all-in-one solution. You can do every thing with your ISO files and disc image files.

 

  • Support almost all CD / DVD / BD-ROM image file formats (ISO, BIN, NRG, CDI, DAA and so on).
    What is DAA file?DAA file (Direct-Access-Archive) is an advanced format for image file, which supports some advanced features, such as compression, password protection, and splitting to multiple volumes. >>More Detail

  • Open and extract ISO file. You can extract ISO file with a single click. >>More Detail

  • Burn ISO file to CD, DVD, or Blu-Ray disc. PowerISO is a professional burning software. With this tool, you can create Audio CD, Data CD, Data DVD, Video DVD or VCD. PowerISO also supports Blu-Ray burning.  >>More Detail

  • Burn Audio CD from MP3, FLAC, APE, WMA, or BIN files.  >>More Detail

  • Rip Audio CD to MP3, FLAC, APE, WMA, or BIN files.  >>More Detail

  • Create ISO file or BIN file from hard disk files or CD / DVD / BD discs. 

  • Edit ISO image file directly.

  • Mount ISO file with internal virtual drive. PowerISO can mount all popular disc image files to built-in virtual drive. >>More Detail

  • Convert image files between ISO / BIN and other formats. PowerISO can not only convert BIN to ISO, but also convert almost all image file formats to standard ISO image file.

  • Create bootable USB drive. PowerISO allows you to setup Windows through USB drive. >>More Detail

  • Make bootable ISO file and create bootable CD, DVD disc.

  • Support both 32-bit and 64-bit Windows.

  • Can be used easily. PowerISO supports shell integration, context menu, drag and drop, clipboard copy paste...

More features...

Supported operating systems:
  • 32-bit Windows: Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 2008, Windows 7, Windows 8 / 8.1, Windows 10

  • 64-bit Windows: Windows XP, Windows 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 2008, Windows 7, Windows 8 / 8.1, Windows 10

English, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Farsi, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Malay, Norsk, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Kazakh

  • Microsoft Windows operating system. 

  • Intel Pentium 166MHz or above. 

  • 64MB memory. 

  • At least 10MB hard disk space. 

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WinRAR (32-bit)

WinRARis a 32-bit Windows version of RAR Archiver. It can backup your data and reduce the sizeof email attachments, decompresses RAR, ZIP and other files downloaded from Internet and create new archives in RAR and ZIP file format.

WinRAR's main features are very strong general and multimedia compression, solid compression, archive protection from damage, processing of ZIP and other non-RAR archives, scanning archives for viruses, programmable self-extracting archives (SFX), authenticity verification, NTFS and Unicode support, strong AES encryption, support of multivolume archives, command line and graphical interface, drag-and-drop facility, wizard interface, theme support, folder tree panel, multithread support, and Windows x64 shell integration.

It provides complete support for RAR and ZIP archives and is able to unpack and convert CAB, ARJ, LZH, TAR, GZ, ACE, UUE, BZ2, JAR, ISO, Z, 7-Zip archives. It is available in over 50 languages.



How do I extract files with WinRAR?
In order to extract a file using Win RAR in the shell mode, you must first open the required archive in the tool. This may be achieved in one of several ways: double-click or press Enter on the archive name in the Windows shell (Explorer or Desktop). If the app was associated with archives during installation (the default installation option), an archive will be opened in the app. You also may associate the tool for PC with archives after installation using the Integration settings dialog; double-click or press Enter on the archive name in the qin rar window.

How do I handle RAR files?
It provides complete support for RAR files, so you may both create and unpack them. If you installed the program on your computer and downloaded a RAR file from the Internet, you may double click on the RAR file icon to open it in Win RAR, select all files, press the "Extract To" button, enter a destination path and press "OK".

What is the maximum file and archive size limitation?
The size of a RAR or ZIP archive, as well as the size of any single file within a RAR archive, is limited to 8,589,934,591 GB (9,223,372,036,854,775,807 bytes). Note that to create archives larger than 4 GB, you need to use NTFS, as older file systems do not support such large files.

I get an error like "CRC failed in a file name. The file is corrupt"!
File data are corrupt. Archives may be damaged after creation. In this case, it is sometimes possible to repair it if it has the recovery record. It also could have been broken while creating, due to hardware failures (usually caused by an over-clocked CPU or unreliable memory).

Note: 40 days trial version.

Also Available: Download RAR for Mac

Download WinRAR (32-bit) Latest Version

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ดาวน์โหลด Windows 10 ไฟล์ ISO ล่าสุด โดยไม่ใช้ Media creation tool

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