Windows registry for advanced users - Windows Server | Microsoft Docs

Editors Archives - PC Product key

Editors Archives - PC Product key

Finding particular strings in key names, value names and value data; Remotely editing the registry on another networked computer.REG files[. Okay, so let's first go through the scenarios in which you would or would not need a product key to reinstall and reactivate certain Microsoft. Check out this detailed roundup of free video editors for Windows 10. Find a perfect tool even if you have little to no experience at video editing.

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Editors Archives - PC Product key - confirm

How to find a Windows 7 product key

Before downloads became the norm, software was sold on physical storage media, such as CDs or disks, from which the programs could be installed and launched. But since these media were often copied or lent out to friends or acquaintances, software manufacturers began assigning individual numbers to every copy sold. This ensured that software could only be used once the purchased product key had been entered.

But with the majority of software now available for download, the days of printed product keys on CD sleeves are long gone. Because operating systems come preinstalled when you purchase a desktop or laptop computer, you no longer need to make note of a product key to get started. However, if your hard disk requires formatting because of malware or for performance reasons, you will need to enter the product key during the Windows 7 reinstallation, in order to be able to use the operating system.

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If you’re planning on doing a reinstall of Windows but can’t find your product key, you’re in luck because it’s stored in the Windows Registry. It’s just not easy to find, and it’s impossible to read without some help. Luckily, we’re here to help.

As you can see in the screenshot above, the product ID is stored in the registry but is in a binary format that can’t be read by humans unless you are some sort of Cylon. You aren’t, are you?

RELATED:Beginner Geek: How to Reinstall Windows on Your Computer

We’re not really sure why Microsoft went to great lengths to make it difficult to see the product keys for their software, especially since they are stored right in there in the registry and can be read by software, if not by humans. We can only assume that they don’t want anybody to re-use a key from an old computer.

The great thing is that you can even recover a key, even from a computer that won’t boot anymore. All you need is access to the disk drive from a working computer. Keep reading for more.

Three Places You Might Find the Key

RELATED:Where to Download Windows 10, 8.1, and 7 ISOs Legally

The key you need will be in one of three places:

  • Stored in software on your PC: When you (or your PC manufacturer) installs Windows, Windows stores its product key in the registry. You can extract this product key, and–often–enter it when reinstalling Windows on your PC. Crucially, you’ll need to grab it from your operating system before you begin reinstalling Windows or it could be deleted if you format your hard drive.
  • Printed on a sticker: Some PCs use a technology called “System Locked Pre-installation,” or SLP. If your PC uses this, the product key on your PC–the one stored in the registry, and the one key-viewer applications display–will be different from the actual key your PC needs. The actual key is on a certificate of authenticity (COA) sticker on your PC or its power supply. The one in the registry and key-viewer application is a red herring. This system was common for Windows 7 PCs.
  • Embedded in your PC’s UEFI firmware: Many newer PCs that come with Windows 8 or 10 use a new method. The key for the version of Windows the PC comes with is stored in the computer’s UEFI firmware or BIOS. You don’t even need to know it–assuming you’re installing the same edition of Windows the PC came with, it should automatically activate and work without you needing to enter a key. It’ll all happen automatically.

Be sure to use the same version and edition of Windows the computer came with. In other words, if it came with Windows 7 Home Premium, you can’t install Windows 7 Professional.

If the Key Is Stored in Your PC’s Hardware

surface pro 3

Let’s start with the simplest situation. On newer Windows 8 and 10 computers, the key isn’t stored in software where it can be wiped, or on a sticker where it could be smudged off or removed. No one can glance at your computer’s sticker to steal its product key. Instead, the key is stored in the computer’s UEFI firmware or BIOS by the manufacturer.

You don’t have to do anything special if you have this. You should just be able to reinstall the same edition of Windows the PC came with and it should just work without even asking you for a key. (Still, it may be best to find the product key using one of the below methods and write it down before reinstalling Windows–just in case.)

If you want to find the UEFI-embedded key and write it down, you can do so quite simply. Just open the Start menu, type “powershell”, and run the Powershell application that comes up.

Then, enter the following command and press Enter:

(Get-WmiObject -query 'select * from SoftwareLicensingService').OA3xOriginalProductKey

You should be rewarded with your embedded license key. Write it down and store it in a safe place.

Read the Key From the Certificate of Authenticity Sticker

If you have a Windows 7-era PC, there’s a good chance the PC’s key is a single key the manufacturer uses for all their PCs. Thanks to “System Locked Pre-installation,” you’re not allowed to use that key to install Windows. If you try, you’ll get error messages about the key being invalid.

To check, you’ll need to look for a certificate of authenticity sticker on your computer. The COA sticker verifies that the computer came with an authentic copy of Windows, and that sticker has a product key printed on it. You’ll need that product key to reinstall Windows–and, if the manufacturer used System Locked Pre-installation, that key is different from the one your PC came with in software.

Examine your computer to find the key. On a laptop, it may be on the bottom of the laptop. If your laptop has a removable battery, it may be under the battery. If there’s some sort of compartment you can open, it might be in there. It may even be stuck to the laptop’s charger brick. If it’s a desktop, look on the side of the desktop’s case. If it’s not there, check the top, back, bottom, and anywhere else it might be.

If the key has rubbed off of the sticker, there’s not much you can do. You can try contacting your computer’s manufacturer and explaining what happened, but we can’t guarantee they’ll help. Microsoft would always be happy to sell you another key, though!

Use NirSoft’s ProduKey to Recover Product Keys (Even if You Can’t Boot the PC)

The easiest way to get access to your product key is with a third-party utility, and there’s nobody better at those than NirSoft. Their utilities are always crapware-free, and are always really useful. The only issue with this particular utility is that some antivirus will detect it as a false positive, because some malware might try to steal your product key.

Note: the NirSoft keyfinder won’t always work for OEM computers, depending on how they decided to activate the licenses. If your OEM installed your computer and used a single key for all their PCs, this won’t work. It also doesn’t work for Office 2013.

All you have to do is download ProduKey, unzip it, and then run it to immediately see all of your product keys. It’s as simple as that.

If you want to recover a key from a dead computer, you can hook up the hard drive to a working PC, and then run ProduKey and use File > Select Source to point to the external Windows directory. You can then grab the keys from that computer easily.

You can also use a Linux live CD to pull the Windows directory off the other computer and onto a thumb drive, or just grab the registry files if you prefer. If you need help, we’ve got a guide to pulling data off a dead computer.

RELATED:How to Recover Files From a Dead Computer

Find the Windows Key Without Any Software (Advanced Users Only)

Assuming you can boot your computer without any problems, you can easily create a simple VBscript that will read the value out of the registry and then translate it into the format that you need for reinstalling. We’re not sure where this script came from, but reader raphoenix posted it on our forum a long time ago, so we’re sharing it here for you.

Copy and paste the following into a Notepad window:

Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell") MsgBox ConvertToKey(WshShell.RegRead("HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\DigitalProductId")) Function ConvertToKey(Key) Const KeyOffset = 52 i = 28 Chars = "BCDFGHJKMPQRTVWXY2346789" Do Cur = 0 x = 14 Do Cur = Cur * 256 Cur = Key(x + KeyOffset) + Cur Key(x + KeyOffset) = (Cur \ 24) And 255 Cur = Cur Mod 24 x = x -1 Loop While x >= 0 i = i -1 KeyOutput = Mid(Chars, Cur + 1, 1) & KeyOutput If (((29 - i) Mod 6) = 0) And (i <> -1) Then i = i -1 KeyOutput = "-" & KeyOutput End If Loop While i >= 0 ConvertToKey = KeyOutput End Function

You’ll need to use File -> Save As, change the “Save as type” to “All Files” and then name it productkey.vbs or something similar ending with the vbs extension. We’d recommend saving to the desktop for easy access.

Once you’ve saved it, you can just double-click and the popup window will show you your product key.

Pro tip: If you use CTRL+C when the popup window is active, it will copy the contents of the window to the clipboard, and then you can paste it into Notepad or somewhere else.


The product key system is complicated to understand because Microsoft doesn’t really want typical Windows users to reinstall Windows on their PCs. Instead, they’d rather you use your computer manufacturer’s recovery media. But the recovery media is full of the bloatware you don’t want on your PC–that’s why so many geeks often opt to reinstall Windows on their new PCs.

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Looking for a Windows 10 Video Editor? Check out the list of 7 programs available for free

Top Free Video Editors for Windows 10

So, you just bought a new PC or probably upgraded your current one to Windows 10 (it was about time!). And now you’re probably looking for a video editor because Microsoft stopped supporting Movie Maker at the beginning of 2017. Rest assured you're not alone in your search - and welcome to the club of thousands of Windows 10 users worldwide.

Since the moment Windows Essentials suite reached its end of support, we've been relentlessly testing various programs to find the ones we could recommend as Movie Maker alternatives. Today we've got you covered with 7 excellent pieces of software for video editing. Whether you have some experience in clip making or this will be your first masterpiece, you'll certainly find the right solution here.

Oh, did we mention that all the programs on the list are free? Well, consider it a nice bonus.

VSDC - Free Windows 10 video editor of our choice (Download)

If you're searching for a multifunctional solution including a video editor, a slideshow creator, and a screen recorder, look no further. VSDC has it all. Named among the best free video editing software for PC by the GoPro technical support team, TechRadar online magazine, and numerous Youtuber channels, VSDC deserves to hold the top spot of this list.

VSDC Free Video Editor Interface overview

Let's take a closer look at what the program offers.

VSDC has a wide array of tools for multiple purposes. It will come in handy if you're just planning to give your video a quick touch-up - say, cutting it, adding a soundtrack, fixing the angle, changing the light & color balance - you name it! Yet, it will also cope with a serious project requiring more advanced features.

There are over 30 color filters including Instagram-style presets. You're capable of cropping the original picture borders or zooming the required part gradually. Here are some other popular effects you might be interested in checking out:

What else is good: VSDC works surprisingly well even on computers with limited resources. In other words, you'll be able to utilize VSDC even if your PC has as little as 2Gb memory left. This capability makes it a good Windows 10 video editor choice even for low-end machine owners.

Format-wise, VSDC will open any file, no matter which device was used to record the footage. It works with 4K resolution too. At the export level, you'll be able to choose pre-configured profiles for further upload to social networks (YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter) or manually set the format, resolution, and quality including HD.

VSDC Free Video Editor cropping tool

Where to get it: download VSDC from the official webpage.

OpenShot - Windows 10 video editor which is open-source

Openshot interface looks much more minimalistic, so does its set of tools. This software, however, gets the job done pretty fast due to the most actions being implemented through a drag'n'drop mouse movement. If you were a fan of that feature in Movie Maker, you'd probably be happy to see the similarity. Unlike Movie Maker though, OpenShot is a non-linear video editor, which instantly makes it twice as powerful.

By the way, first-time users might be also pleasantly surprised by the popping up tutorial windows walking you through the main steps and helping get familiar with the interface.

Openshot video editor help pop-ups

Openshot has an impressive list of over 300 transitions. Each one can be applied to the required part or the intersection of two media files by the drag'n'drop movement as well. You also get to play with some essential effects, such as blurring, brightness&contrast, Chroma Key, deinterlacing, wipe transitions, negative, and color saturation. The picture-in-picture effect is a bit indirect, but there is a way to perform it by right-mouse clicking on the file and choosing a 1/4 size layout. Right-mouse click will also open the menu for time-related effects: freezing, fast-forwarding, slow-motion, etc.

What else is good: being able to apply actions "in bulk" - for example, copying the effects from a chosen area, or separating audio from a single clip or multiple clips simultaneously.

Where to get it: you can download the 64-bit Windows installer here.

Shotcut - a decent Windows 10 video editor for Chroma keying

There are not so many semi-professional open source video editors out there - Shotcut is one of them. It is available for Windows, MacOS, and Linux users. With its minimalistic interface, Shotcut is capable of all the essential video editing operations, including such challenging ones as film restoration, footage stabilization, and white balancing.

Applying effects is even more convenient because of the real-time preview you get from the left-side filters menu. Simply choose the filters you'd like to try on the footage and go through the checkboxes to see how they look on the picture in the right-side preview window.

Shotcut video editor interface

What makes Shotcut stand out as a video editor for Windows 10 though, is the Chroma Keying tool. Movie Maker didn't have the feature-set for removing a green background from videos and images - you could only perform the operation through a 3rd-party plugin (quite a painful sequence of actions). Shotcut in its turn allows for applying this advanced effect quickly and easily. Perhaps, that's the reason TechRadar has named it among the software to replace Windows Essentials suite components.

What else is good: the ability to quickly reverse your actions in a non-linear order. As mentioned before, each filter or effect you apply to the footage is eventually listed in the left-side window with a marked checkbox. That means you can uncheck any box at any time without having to start the editing process all over again.

Where to get it: Shotcut official website.

Avidemux - ultra-simplistic Windows 10 video editor and encoder

If the previously mentioned software overwhelmed you a bit with the fancy non-linear video editing technology or the endless lists of features, you'll love Avidemux. There seem to be no creative element involved. You won't find multiple video tracks or file library. In a nutshell, you can only cut, copy, paste and encode. May it not turn you away from Avidemux though.

If you have little to no interest in all those post-production bells and whistles, and only need to quickly cut out a piece of footage, go for it. Download Avidemux and you'll never regret. Not only does it take less than 3 seconds to install this software, it also provides the fastest and probably the clearest way to cut a video file into fragments. Once you've set the markers for the required time frame, simply go to the "Edit" tab in the upper menu and choose what you want to do - cut, copy, or delete the piece.

Avidemux video editor interface

Once you're done, you can go ahead and choose video and audio output parameters. For such a basic and free tool, Avidemux has a noteworthy set of codecs to choose from. This is why calling it not just a video editor, but also an encoder is more correct. It supports most popular formats including MP4, MPG, WMV, AVI, DVD, and MOV - as well as the latest H.265/HEVC codec for high-quality videos.

Truth be told, there are few filters available at the configuration level - such as interlacing, noise or sharpness - but they seem to be more technically-inclined rather than serve creative purposes.

What else is good: options to add subtitles and a logo on top of video with alpha blending. These features are also available in the video output menu.

Where to get it: Avidemux version of video editor for Windows 10 can be found on Fosshub, but you can also go through the official product page.

Davinci Resolve - professional software for the experienced ones

Most professional video editors (think Adobe Premiere or Sony Vegas) tend to be pricey for an average user who might only utilize them few times a year. However, if when saying "professional" you think of advanced color correction tools, Resolve is a spectacular video editor for your Windows 10 PC available at zero cost.

Davinci Resolve color grading before and after

You may want to check online courses devoted to Davinci Resolve available on Lynda or Udemy because mastering this beast will require a bit of a steep learning curve if you haven't worked with anything like this before. However, Hollywood-level color grading capabilities should be worth it. On top of that, of course, you get to perform basic operations, such as cutting, splitting and sound adjusting.

There are only two downsides worth mentioning and taking into consideration. First, Davinci Resolve will use your PC GPU to the fullest, so make sure to have a powerful graphic card and a good amount of memory available. Second, there are occasional issues with recognizing certain formats of video and audio. The officially recommended format to work with is ProRes, but it also seems to work smoothly with the majority of files in H.264 codec.

Where to get it: on the official product page. Scroll all the way down to find the free version of the software download link.

Videopad - a Windows 10 video editor for personal use

Videopad is another multifunctional piece of software for video editing, screen recording, audio and video recording. Its free version is called demo and restricted to personal use only. The interface will sure remind you of Movie Maker - especially the file library and the upper menu where video effects and transitions can be found.

Videopad interface overview

Videopad is more a robust tool though. There are multiple video and audio tracks available, so you can work with the non-linear sequence. If you're working with text objects, this editor provides a good number of effects. First, there is a way to add subtitles in real-time. In other words, you can manually input the subtitle text with the precision of a second being able to preview their appearance immediately and correct if required. Second, there is over a dozen of text effects and animations to choose from.

However, the most prominent advanced feature available in Videopad is masking. Right-mouse click on the chosen video fragment and proceed to Effects. A separate window will open, where you'll be able to set the masking parameters.

What else is good: a quick access button to create snapshots in multiple resolutions including 4K Ultra HD.

Where to get it: on the official website of the developer company, NHC Software. Scroll down past the red download button to the "Get it free" section.

Hitfilm Express - a video editor for Windows 10 focused on effects

We're finishing this roundup of Windows 10 video editors with yet another powerful solution popular among YouTube bloggers fond of adding special effects to their videos. Hitfilm Express is a cross-platform software and works on Windows as well as on Mac. Its unique feature set is well hidden behind an unconventional interface though. On the basic level, you'll be able to cut and split media files, add text and work with audio.

Hitfilm Express rotating a video

Once you get the feeling of how the editing process is organized in Hitfilm Express, you'll able to play with the effects. From chroma keying to 3D compositing and many more special effects you've probably seen on TV. Once finished, video projects can be exported in 1080p resolution only, but there are several pre-configured output profiles for further upload to social media.

What else is good: Hollywood movies inspired tutorials on how to apply effects in Hitfilm Express like a pro.

Where to get it: Go to the "Express" page of Hitfilm website to download the free version. You'll be asked to share the page on social networks and leave your email address to get the link.

Wrapping up

Despite the rumors, the long-anticipated Movie Maker successor released by Microsoft hasn’t met users’ expectations. Moreover, the alternative suggested by the company developer allows you to create a beautiful slideshow from photos at best and doesn’t look like a full-featured video editor. So, we hope this list of programs will be of help to those looking for a decent Windows 10 video editor.

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Issue

You need to create a new Registry Key (Reg Key) and/or string value, or you need to edit or delete one or more of the Reg Keys.

Important note: DO NOT edit or delete Reg Keys from your computer unless you are specifically instructed to do so by one of our Knowledge Base articles or technical support personnel.

Reg Keys are essentially folders that allow Windows applications to process data. On rare occasions, programs such as AutoCAD can become corrupted and require you to delete one or more of these folders. Some functions of our software may also require you to edit a Reg Key.

 

 

Solution

 

Open the Registry Editor

1. Open the Windows Run dialog box by pressing the Windows + R keys (Windows keyboard) or Command + R keys (Mac keyboard).

 

 

2. In the Run dialog box, type Regedit and click OK.

 

 

 

3. The Registry Editor dialog box will open.

 

 

The Reg Keys are located within the folders with names that begin with HKEY_ (as pictured to the right).

 

 

A Reg Key's name consists of its folder path within this folder structure.

 

 

Some of our troubleshooting articles will instruct you to edit or delete one or more Reg Keys. To locate a Reg Key, expand the first folder in that Reg Key's name (example: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) by clicking the right-facing arrow to the left of that folder.

 

 

4. Continue expanding folders to locate the Reg Key you need to create, edit, or delete.

 

 

 

Create a Reg Key

To create a new Reg Key, right-click the key location where you want to create the new key. Hover the mouse on the New option in the menu that opens, then select Key from the submenu that opens after that.

 

 

 

In this example, we'll create a key named Ecografx in the key location HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE

 

 

 

 

 

You'll see a new key within the key path you right-clicked.

 

Type a name for the key (example: Ecografx).

 

 

To continue adding keys to the path you've created – for example, if you need to create the key path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ecografx\Land F/X in following our Manual Installation of the Land F/X Workstation steps, repeat these steps, right-clicking the new key you just created and selecting the option for the new key in the menu.

If our Knowledge Base or one of our support technicians has instructed you to create a key path that ends with a string value, move on to the Create a String Value steps below once you've created the necessary key path. So, for example, if you're following our Manual Installation of the Land F/X Workstation Installer steps, you'd create the key path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ecografx\Land F/X and then create the string value InstallPath within the Land F/X key as shown below.

 

 

 

Create a String Value

Creating a string value is similar to creating a key – right-click on the key where you want to create the string value, hover on New in the menu, and then select String Value from the submenu. In this example, we'll create the string value InstallPath within the key Land F/X.

 

 

 

 

The new string value will appear to the right of the key you right-clicked. Type a name for the new string value (example: InstallPath)

 

 

 

 

Edit a Reg Key or String Value

To edit a Reg Key or string value, click the Reg Key folder to open it. In our example, we'll edit the Reg Key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ODBC\ODBC.INI\LANDFX by clicking the folder LANDFX in the path of the same name.

 

In the right pane, you'll see a list of files, or "strings," contained within the Reg Key you selected. Right-click the string you want to edit. Select Modify from the menu that opens. In our example, we'll edit the string SERVER.

 

 

 

 

In the Edit String dialog box, make your desired change in the Value data field. Click OK to save your change.

 

 

 

Delete a Reg Key or String Value

Before deleting a Reg Key or string value, it's a good idea to back it up by exporting it. In this example, we'll show you how to export and delete the Reg Key named HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\Installer\Products\AutoCAD 2015.

 

 

Right-click the Reg Key folder, and select Export from the menu that opens.

 

 

 

Navigate to the location where you want to back up the Reg Key, and click Save.

 

 

 

You'll now have a backed-up copy of the Reg Key, should you need it.

 

 

 

You can now delete the Reg Key safely.

 

 

 

To delete the Reg Key, right-click it and select Delete from the menu that opens.

Do not delete this particular Reg Key – or any Reg Key, for that matter – unless specifically instructed to do so. The Reg Key(s) you need to delete will depend on the issue you're experiencing with AutoCAD.

 

 

 

Change Permissions for Reg Keys

You may also need to change the permissions settings for reg keys. Here's how to do that:

 

Right-click the key whose permissions you need to change.

 

Select the Permissions option from the menu that opens.

 

 

 

Select the user whose permissions you need to change (example:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Autodesk.

 

Check the box for the permission type you need to grant or deny to the selected user. For example, if you need to grant the user full control (read/write access) for the key, select the Full control option in the Allow column.

 

Click Apply to apply the change, or OK to apply the change and close the permissions dialog box.

 

You'll likely need to grant permission to the System and Administrator roles as well.

You may need to restart your computer for the permission changes to take effect.

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What Is a KEY File?

What to Know

  • A KEY file could be a software license or Keynote Presentation file.
  • Not all of them open the same way, but trying a text editor is a good start.
  • Some can be converted to PPT with Keynote.

This article explains all the different formats that use the KEY file extension and how to open and convert each one, if possible.

What Is a KEY File?

A file with the .KEY file extension might be a plain text or encrypted generic license key file used to register a software program. Different applications use different KEY files to register their respective software and prove that the user is the legal purchaser.

A similar file format uses the KEY file extension as a way to store general registration information. It's most likely created by the program when a product key is used and might be transferable to other computers should the user need to reinstall the software elsewhere.

Another kind of KEY file is a Keynote Presentation file created by the Apple Keynote software. This is a kind of presentation that might include slides that contain images, shapes, tables, text, notes, media files, XML-related data, etc. When saved to iCloud, ".KEY-TEF" is used instead.

Keyboard Definition files are saved with the .KEY file extension as well. They store information regarding computer keyboards, like shortcut keys or layouts.

Unrelated to a KEY file is a registry key in the Windows Registry. Some license or registration files might instead just be called a keyfile and not use a specific file extension. Others might be in the PEM format that store public/private encryption keys.

How to Open a KEY File

It's important to know which file format your KEY file is in before deciding how to open it. Even though all of the programs mentioned below can open KEY files, it doesn't mean that they can open KEY files that belong to other programs.

License or Registration Files

If your antivirus program happens to use a KEY file to register the software and prove that you're the one who purchased it, then you need to use that program to open your KEY file.

LightWave is one example of a program that uses a KEY file to register it as a legal copy.

If it is, in fact, a license key file you have, you might also be able to read the license information with a text editor like Notepad.

It's important to reiterate that not every KEY file can be opened with the same program, and this is also true within the context of software license keys. For example, if your file backup program requires a software license file, you can't expect to use it to register your antivirus program (or even any other backup program that isn't the one that the KEY file belongs to).

Registration files are probably encrypted and can't be viewed, and they probably don't even need to be. They might be copied elsewhere should the scenario arise that the program using it is installed elsewhere and the old one deactivated.

Since they're specific to each program that uses them, contact the software developer if you can't get yours to work as it should. They'll have more information regarding how it's supposed to be used.

Keynote Presentation KEY Files

You can open KEY files on macOS using Keynote or Preview. iOS users can use KEY files with the Keynote app.

Keyboard Definition KEY Files

Opening keyboard-related KEY files is only useful in a program that supports custom keyboard shortcuts. If you don't have such an application, you might be able to read its instructions with a text editor.

How to Convert KEY Files

Of the file formats mentioned above that use the KEY file extension, it only makes sense to convert a Keynote Presentation file, which you can with the Keynote program for macOS.

With it, KEY files can be exported to PDF, MS PowerPoint formats like PPT or PPTX, HTML, M4V, and image file formats like PNG, JPG, and TIFF.

The iOS version of the Keynote app can export the file to PPTX and PDF.

Another method is to use an online KEY file converter like Zamzar to save the file to KEY09, MOV, or one of the formats mentioned above, like PDF or PPTX.

Still Can't Open the File?

If your file won't open with the software from above, double-check that the extension reads ".KEY" and not something that just looks similar. It's easy to confuse one for a KEYCHAIN, KEYSTORE, or KEYTAB file.

If you don't really have a KEY file, it's best to research the actual file extension for details on what opens or converts that specific file type.

FAQ

  • The FEK is a symmetric key used to encrypt the data in a file protected by the Windows Encrypting File System (EFS). Windows further encrypts the FEK and stores it in the file metadata so only authorized users can access it.

  • You can reverse the encryption to access your file. Right-click the file, go to Properties > General > Advanced,and clear the Encrypt contents to secure the data check box. Click OK twice to apply the changes and exit the window.

Thanks for letting us know!

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olá

A Zerobot Filmes produz conteúdo audiovisual de forma criativa, humana e personalizada. Não gostamos de ideias em série, criamos como pessoas e para pessoas, por isso cada história é importante para nós.

_olá

A Zerobot Filmes produz conteúdo audiovisual de forma criativa, humana e personalizada. Não gostamos de ideias em série, criamos como pessoas e para pessoas, por isso cada história é importante para nós.

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Windows registry information for advanced users

  • 11 minutes to read

This article describes the Windows registry and provides information about how to edit and back up it.

Applies to:   Windows 10 - all editions, Windows Server 2012 R2
Original KB number:   256986

Description of the registry

The Microsoft Computer Dictionary, Fifth Edition, defines the registry as:

A central hierarchical database used in Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows NT, and Windows 2000 used to store information that is Editors Archives - PC Product key to configure the system for one or more users, applications, and hardware devices.

The Registry contains information that Windows continually references during operation, such as profiles for each user, the applications installed on the computer and the types of documents that each can create, property sheet settings for folders and application icons, what hardware exists on the system, and the ports that are being used.

The Registry replaces most of the text-based .ini files that are used in Windows 3.x and MS-DOS configuration files, such as the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys. Although the Registry is common to several Windows operating systems, there are some differences among them. A registry hive is a group of keys, subkeys, and values in the registry that has a set of supporting files that contain backups of its data. The supporting files for all hives except HKEY_CURRENT_USER are in the % folder on Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista. The supporting files for HKEY_CURRENT_USER are in the Download MRT Dongle 3.65 Crack Archives. The file name extensions of the files in these folders indicate the type of data that they contain. Also, Editors Archives - PC Product key, the lack of an extension may sometimes indicate the type of data that they contain.

Registry hiveSupporting files
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAMSam, Sam.log, Sam.sav
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SecuritySecurity, Security.log, Security.sav
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SoftwareSoftware, Software.log, Software.sav
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SystemSystem, System.alt, System.log, System.sav
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIGSystem, System.alt, System.log, System.sav, Ntuser.dat, Ntuser.dat.log
HKEY_USERS\DEFAULTDefault, Default.log, Default.sav

In Windows 98, the registry files are named User.dat and System.dat. In Windows Millennium Edition, the registry files are named Classes.dat, User.dat, and System.dat.

Note

Security features in Windows let an administrator control access to registry keys.

The following table lists the predefined keys that are used by the system. The maximum size of a key name is 255 characters.

Folder/predefined keyDescription
HKEY_CURRENT_USERContains the root of the configuration information for the user who is currently logged on. The user's folders, screen colors, and Control Panel settings are stored here. This information is associated with the user's profile. This key is sometimes abbreviated as HKCU.
HKEY_USERSContains all the actively loaded user profiles on the computer. HKEY_CURRENT_USER is a subkey of HKEY_USERS. HKEY_USERS is sometimes abbreviated as HKU.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINEContains configuration information particular to the computer (for any user). This key is sometimes abbreviated as HKLM.
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOTIs a subkey of. The information that is stored here makes sure that the correct program opens when you open a file by using Windows Explorer. This key is sometimes abbreviated as HKCR. Starting with Windows 2000, this information is stored under both the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE and HKEY_CURRENT_USER keys. The key contains default settings that can apply to all users on the local computer. The key contains settings that override the default settings and apply only to the interactive user. The HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT key provides a view of the registry that merges the information from these two sources. HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT also provides this merged view for programs that are designed for earlier versions of Windows. To change the settings for the interactive user, changes must be made under instead of under HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT. To change the default settings, changes must be made under. If you write keys to a key under HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT, the system stores the information under. If you write values to a key under HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT, and the key already exists underthe system will store the information there instead of under .
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIGContains information about the hardware profile that is used by the local computer at system startup.

Note

The registry in 64-bit versions of Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista is divided into 32-bit and 64-bit keys. Many of the 32-bit keys have the same names as their 64-bit counterparts, and vice versa. The default 64-bit version of Registry Editor that is included with 64-bit versions of Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista displays the 32-bit keys under the node. For more information about how to view the registry on 64-Bit versions of Windows, see How to view the system registry by using 64-bit versions of Windows.

The following table lists the data types that are currently defined and that are used by Windows. The maximum size of a value name is as follows:

  • Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, and Windows Vista: 16,383 characters
  • Windows 2000: 260 ANSI characters or 16,383 Unicode characters
  • Windows Millennium Edition/Windows 98/Windows 95: 255 characters

Long values (more than 2,048 bytes) must be stored as files with the file names stored in the registry. This helps the registry perform efficiently. The maximum size of a value is as follows:

  • Windows NT 4.0/Windows 2000/Windows XP/Windows Server 2003/Windows Vista: Available memory
  • Windows Millennium Edition/Windows 98/Windows 95: 16,300 bytes

Note

There is a 64K limit for the total size of all values of a key.

NameData typeDescription
Binary ValueREG_BINARYRaw binary data. Most hardware component information is stored as binary data and is displayed in Registry Editor in hexadecimal format.
DWORD ValueREG_DWORDData represented by a number that is 4 bytes long (a 32-bit integer). Many parameters for device drivers and services are this type and are displayed in Registry Editor in binary, hexadecimal, or decimal format. Related values are DWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN (least significant byte is at the lowest address) and REG_DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN (least significant byte is at the highest address).
Expandable String ValueREG_EXPAND_SZA variable-length data string. This data type includes variables that are resolved when a program or service uses the Editors Archives - PC Product key ValueREG_MULTI_SZA multiple string. Values that contain lists or multiple values in a form that people can read are generally this type. Entries are separated by spaces, Editors Archives - PC Product key, commas, or other marks.
String ValueREG_SZA fixed-length text string.
Binary ValueREG_RESOURCE_LISTA series of nested arrays that is designed to store a resource list that is used by a hardware device driver or one of the physical devices it controls. This data is detected and written in the \ResourceMap tree by the system and is displayed in Registry Editor in hexadecimal format as a Binary Value.
Binary ValueREG_RESOURCE_REQUIREMENTS_LISTA series of nested arrays that is designed to store a device driver's list of possible hardware resources the driver or one of the physical devices it controls can use. The system writes a subset of this list in the \ResourceMap tree. This data is detected by the system and is displayed in Registry Editor in hexadecimal format as a Binary Value.
Binary ValueREG_FULL_RESOURCE_DESCRIPTORA series of nested arrays that is designed to store a resource list that is used by a physical hardware device. This data is detected and written in the \HardwareDescription tree by the system and is displayed in Registry Editor in hexadecimal format as a Binary Value.
NoneREG_NONEData without any particular type. This data is written to the registry by the system or applications and is displayed in Registry Editor in hexadecimal format as a Binary Value
LinkREG_LINKA Unicode string naming a symbolic link.
QWORD ValueREG_QWORDData represented by a number that is a 64-bit integer. This data is displayed in Registry Editor as a Binary Value and was introduced in Windows 2000.

Back up Editors Archives - PC Product key registry

Before you edit the registry, export the keys in the registry that you plan to edit, or back up the whole registry. If a problem occurs, you can then follow the steps in the Restore the registry section to restore the registry to its previous state. To back up the whole registry, use the Backup utility to back up the system state. The system state includes the registry, the COM+ Class Registration Database, and your boot files. For more information about how to use the Backup utility to back up the system state, see the following articles:

Edit the registry

To modify registry data, a program must use the registry functions that are defined in Registry Functions.

Administrators can modify the registry by using Registry Editor (Regedit.exe or Regedt32.exe), Group Policy, System Policy, Registry (.reg) files, or by running scripts such as VisualBasic script files.

Use the Windows user interface

We recommend that you use the Windows user interface to change your system settings instead of manually editing the registry. However, editing the registry may sometimes be the Crack TeamViewer 15.5.7 Archives method to resolve a product issue, Editors Archives - PC Product key. If the issue is documented in the Microsoft Knowledge Base, an article with Editors Archives - PC Product key instructions to edit the registry for that issue will be available. We recommend that you follow those instructions exactly.

Use Registry Editor

Warning

Serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly by using Registry Editor or by using another method. These problems might require that you reinstall the operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that these problems can be solved. Modify the registry at your own risk.

You can use Registry Editor to do the following actions:

  • Locate a subtree, key, subkey, or value
  • Add a subkey or a value
  • Change a value
  • Delete a subkey or a value
  • Rename a subkey or a value

The navigation area of Registry Editor displays folders. Each folder represents a predefined key on the local computer. When you access the registry of a remote computer, only two predefined keys appear: HKEY_USERS and HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

Use Group Policy

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) hosts administrative tools that you can use to administer networks, computers, services, and other system components. The Group Policy MMC snap-in lets administrators define policy settings that are applied to computers or users. You can implement Group Policy on local computers by using the local Group Policy MMC snap-in, Gpedit.msc. You can implement Group Policy in Active Directory by using the Active Directory Users and Computers MMC snap-in. For more information about how to use Group Policy, see the Help topics in the appropriate Group Policy MMC snap-in.

Use a Registration Entries (.reg) file

Create a Registration Entries (.reg) file that contains the registry changes, and then run the .reg file on the computer where you want to make the changes. You can run the .reg file manually or by using a logon script. For more information, see How to add, modify, or delete registry subkeys and values by using a Registration Entries (.reg) file.

Use Windows Script Host

The Windows Script Host lets you run VBScript and JScript scripts directly in the operating system. You can create VBScript and JScript files that use Windows Script Host methods to delete, to read, Editors Archives - PC Product key, and to write registry keys and values. For more information about these methods, visit the following Microsoft Web sites:

Use Windows Management Instrumentation

Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) is a component of the Microsoft Windows operating system and is the Microsoft implementation of Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM). WBEM is an industry initiative to develop a standard technology for accessing management information in an enterprise environment. You can use WMI to automate administrative tasks (such as editing the registry) in an enterprise environment. You can use WMI in scripting languages that have an engine on Windows and that handle Microsoft ActiveX objects. You can also use the WMI Command-Line utility (Wmic.exe) to modify the Windows registry.

For more information about WMI, see Windows Management Instrumentation.

For more information about the WMI Command-Line utility, see A description of the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) command-line utility (Wmic.exe).

Use Console Registry Tool for Windows

You can use the Console Registry Tool for Windows (Reg.exe) to edit the registry. For help with the Reg.exe tool, type at the Command Prompt, and then click OK.

Restore the registry

To restore the registry, use the appropriate method.

Method 1: Restore the registry keys

To restore registry subkeys that you exported, double-click the Registration Entries (.reg) file that you saved in the Export registry subkeys section. Or, you can restore the whole registry from a backup. For more information about how to restore the whole registry, see the Method 2: Restore the whole registry section later in this article.

Method 2: Restore the whole registry

To restore the whole registry, restore the system state from a backup. For more information about how to restore the system state from a backup, see How to use Backup to protect data and restore files and folders on your computer in Windows XP and Windows Vista.

Note

Backing up the system state also creates updated copies of the registry files in the folder.

References

For more information, visit the following Web sites:

The Windows Server Catalog of Tested Products is a reference for products that have been tested for Windows Server compatibility.

Data Protection Manager (DPM) is a key member of the Microsoft System Center family of management products and is designed to help IT professionals manage their Windows environment. DPM is the new standard for Windows backup and recovery and delivers continuous data protection for Microsoft application and file servers that use seamlessly integrated disk and tape media. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, see How to back up and restore the registry in Windows XP and Windows Vista.

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Looking for a Windows 10 Video Editor? Check out the list of 7 programs available for free

Top Free Video Editors for Windows 10

So, you just bought a new PC or probably upgraded your current one to Windows 10 (it was about time!). And now you’re probably looking for a video editor because Microsoft stopped supporting Movie Maker at the beginning of 2017. Rest assured you're not alone in your search - and welcome to the club of thousands of Windows 10 users worldwide.

Since the moment Windows Essentials suite reached its end of support, we've been relentlessly testing various programs to find the ones we could recommend as Movie Maker alternatives. Today we've got you covered with 7 excellent pieces of software for video editing. Whether you have some experience in clip making or this will be your first masterpiece, you'll certainly find the right solution here.

Oh, did we mention that all the programs on the list are free? Well, consider it a nice bonus.

VSDC - Free Windows 10 video editor of our choice (Download)

If you're searching for a multifunctional solution including a video editor, a slideshow creator, and a screen recorder, look no further. VSDC has it all. Named among the best free video editing software for PC by the GoPro technical support team, TechRadar online magazine, and numerous Youtuber channels, VSDC deserves to hold the top spot of this list.

VSDC Free Video Editor Interface overview

Let's take a closer look at what the program offers.

VSDC has a wide array of tools for multiple purposes. It will come in handy if you're just planning to give your video a quick touch-up - say, cutting it, adding a soundtrack, fixing the angle, changing the light & color balance - you name it! Yet, it will also cope with a serious project requiring more advanced features.

There are over 30 color filters including Instagram-style presets. You're capable of cropping the original picture borders or zooming the required part gradually. Here are some other popular effects you might be interested in checking out:

What else is good: VSDC works surprisingly well even on computers with limited resources. In other words, you'll be able to utilize VSDC even if your PC has as little as 2Gb memory Editors Archives - PC Product key. This capability makes it a good Windows Editors Archives - PC Product key video editor choice even for low-end machine owners.

Format-wise, VSDC will open any file, no matter which device was used to record the footage. It works with 4K resolution too. At the export level, you'll be able to choose pre-configured profiles for further upload to social networks (YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter) or manually set the format, resolution, and quality including HD.

VSDC Free Video Editor cropping tool

Where to get it: download VSDC from the official webpage.

OpenShot - Windows 10 video editor which is open-source

Openshot interface looks much more minimalistic, so does its set of tools. This software, however, gets the job done pretty fast due to the most actions being implemented through a drag'n'drop mouse movement. If you were a fan of that feature in Movie Maker, you'd probably be happy to see the similarity. Unlike Movie Maker though, OpenShot is a non-linear video editor, which instantly makes it twice as powerful.

By the way, first-time users might be also pleasantly surprised by the popping up tutorial windows walking you through the main steps and helping get familiar with the interface.

Openshot video editor help pop-ups

Openshot has an impressive list of over 300 transitions. Each one can be applied to the required part or the intersection of two media files by the drag'n'drop movement as well. You also get to play with some essential effects, such as blurring, brightness&contrast, Chroma Key, deinterlacing, wipe transitions, negative, and color saturation, Editors Archives - PC Product key. The picture-in-picture effect is a bit indirect, but there is a way to perform it by right-mouse clicking on the file and choosing a 1/4 size layout. Right-mouse click will also open the menu for time-related effects: freezing, fast-forwarding, slow-motion, etc.

What else is good: being able to apply actions "in bulk" - for example, copying the effects from a chosen area, or separating audio from Editors Archives - PC Product key single clip or multiple clips simultaneously.

Where to get it: you can download the 64-bit Windows installer here.

Shotcut - a decent Windows 10 video editor for Chroma keying

There are not so many semi-professional open source video editors out there - Shotcut is one of them. It is available for Windows, MacOS, Editors Archives - PC Product key, and Linux users. With its minimalistic interface, Shotcut is capable of all the essential video editing operations, including such challenging ones as film restoration, Editors Archives - PC Product key, footage stabilization, and white balancing.

Applying effects is even more Editors Archives - PC Product key because of the real-time preview you get from the left-side filters menu. Simply choose the filters you'd like to try on the footage and go through the checkboxes to see how they look on the picture in the right-side preview window.

Shotcut video editor interface

What makes Shotcut stand out as a video editor for Windows 10 though, is the Chroma Keying tool. Movie Maker didn't have the feature-set for removing a green background from videos and images - you could only perform the operation through a 3rd-party plugin (quite a WinRAR v2.5 crack serial keygen sequence of actions). Shotcut in its turn allows for applying this advanced effect quickly and easily. Perhaps, that's the reason TechRadar has named it among the software to replace Windows Essentials suite components.

What else is good: the ability to quickly reverse your actions in a non-linear order. As mentioned before, each VideoStudio Ulead Retail v1.0 crack serial keygen or effect you apply to the footage is Tally ERP 9 Crack 2021 listed in the left-side window with a marked checkbox. That means you can uncheck any box at any time without having to start the editing process all over again.

Where to get it: Shotcut official website.

Avidemux - ultra-simplistic Windows 10 video editor and encoder

If Editors Archives - PC Product key previously mentioned software overwhelmed you a bit with the fancy non-linear video editing technology or the endless lists of features, you'll love Avidemux. There seem to be no creative element involved. You won't find multiple video tracks or file library. In a nutshell, you can only cut, copy, paste and encode. May it not turn you away from Avidemux though.

If you have little to no interest in all those post-production bells and whistles, and only need to quickly cut out a piece of footage, go for it. Download Avidemux and you'll never regret, Editors Archives - PC Product key. Not only does it take less than 3 seconds to install this software, it also provides the fastest and probably the clearest way to cut a video file into fragments. Once you've set the markers for the required time frame, simply go to the "Edit" tab in Editors Archives - PC Product key upper menu and choose what you want to do - cut, copy, or delete the piece.

Avidemux video editor interface

Once you're done, you can go ahead and choose video and audio output parameters. For such a basic and free tool, Avidemux has a noteworthy set of codecs to choose from. This is why calling it not just a video editor, but also an encoder is more correct. It supports most popular formats including MP4, MPG, WMV, AVI, DVD, and MOV - as well as the latest H.265/HEVC codec for high-quality videos.

Truth be told, there are few filters available at the configuration level - such as interlacing, noise or sharpness - but they seem to be more technically-inclined rather than serve creative purposes.

What else is good: options to add subtitles and a logo on top of video with alpha blending. These features are also available in the video output menu.

Where to get it: Avidemux version of video Editors Archives - PC Product key for Windows 10 can be found on Fosshub, but you can also go through the official product page.

Davinci Resolve - professional software for the experienced ones

Most professional video editors (think Adobe Premiere or Sony Vegas) tend to be pricey for an average user who might only utilize them few times a year. However, if when saying "professional" you think of advanced color correction tools, Resolve is a spectacular video editor for your Windows 10 PC available at zero cost.

Davinci Resolve color grading before and after

You may want to check online courses devoted to Davinci Resolve available on Lynda or Udemy because mastering this beast will require a bit of a steep learning curve if you haven't worked with anything like this before. However, Hollywood-level color grading capabilities should be worth it. On top of that, of course, you get to perform basic operations, such as cutting, splitting and sound adjusting.

There are only two downsides worth mentioning and taking into consideration. First, Davinci Resolve will use your PC GPU to the fullest, so make sure to have a powerful graphic card and a good amount of memory available. Second, there are occasional issues with recognizing certain formats of video and audio. The officially recommended format to work with is ProRes, but it also seems to work smoothly with the majority of files in H.264 codec.

Where to get it: on the official product page. Scroll all the way down to find the free version of the software download link.

Videopad - a Windows 10 video editor for personal use

Videopad is another multifunctional piece of software for video editing, screen recording, audio and video recording. Its free version is called demo and restricted to personal use only. The interface will sure remind you of Movie Maker - especially the file library and the upper menu where video effects and transitions can be found.

Videopad interface overview

Videopad is more a robust tool though. There are multiple video and audio tracks available, so you can work with the non-linear sequence. If you're working with text objects, this editor provides a good number of effects. First, there is a way to add subtitles in real-time. In other words, you can manually input the subtitle text with the precision of a second being able to preview their appearance immediately and correct if required. Second, there is over a dozen of text effects and animations to choose from.

However, the most prominent advanced feature available in Videopad is masking. Right-mouse click on the chosen video fragment and proceed to Effects. A separate window will open, where you'll be able to set the masking sweet home 3d mac Archives else is good: a quick access button to create snapshots in multiple resolutions including 4K Ultra HD.

Where to get it: on the official website of the developer company, NHC Software. Scroll down past the red download button to the "Get it free" section.

Hitfilm Express - a video editor for Windows 10 focused on effects

We're finishing this roundup of Windows 10 video editors with yet another powerful solution popular among YouTube bloggers fond of adding special effects to their videos. Hitfilm Express is a cross-platform software and works on Windows as well as on Mac. Its unique feature set is well hidden behind an unconventional interface though. On the basic level, you'll be able to cut and split media files, add text and work with audio.

Hitfilm Express rotating a video

Once you get the feeling of how the editing process is organized in Hitfilm Express, you'll able to play with the effects. From chroma keying to 3D compositing and many more special effects you've probably seen on TV. Once finished, video projects can be exported in 1080p resolution only, but there are several pre-configured output profiles for further upload to social media.

What else is good: Hollywood movies inspired tutorials on how to apply effects in Hitfilm Express like a pro.

Where to get it: Go to the "Express" page of Hitfilm website to download the free version. You'll be asked to share the page on social networks and leave your email address to get the link.

Wrapping up

Despite the rumors, the long-anticipated Movie Maker successor released by Microsoft hasn’t met users’ expectations. Moreover, the alternative suggested by the company developer allows you to create a beautiful slideshow from photos at best and doesn’t look like a full-featured video editor. So, we hope this list of programs will be of help to those looking for a decent Windows 10 video editor.

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If you’re planning on doing a reinstall of Windows but can’t find your product key, you’re in luck because it’s stored in the Windows Registry. It’s just not easy to find, and it’s impossible to read without some help. Luckily, we’re here to help.

As you can see in the screenshot above, the product ID is stored in the registry but is in a binary format that can’t be read by humans unless you are some sort of Cylon. You aren’t, are you?

RELATED:Beginner Geek: How to Reinstall Windows on Your Computer

We’re not really sure why Microsoft went to great lengths to make it difficult to see the product keys for their software, especially since they are stored right in there in the registry and can be read by software, if not by humans. We can only assume that they don’t want anybody to re-use a key from an old computer.

The great thing is that you can even recover a key, even from a computer that won’t boot anymore. All you need is access to the disk drive from a working computer. Keep reading for more.

Three Places You Might Find the Key

RELATED:Where to Download Windows 10, 8.1, and 7 ISOs Legally

The key you need will be in one of three places:

  • Stored in software on your PC: When you (or your PC manufacturer) installs Windows, Windows stores its product key in the registry. You can extract this product key, and–often–enter it when reinstalling Windows on your PC. Crucially, you’ll need to grab it from your Editors Archives - PC Product key system before you begin reinstalling Windows or it could be deleted if you format your hard drive.
  • Printed on a sticker: Some PCs use a technology called “System Locked Pre-installation,” or SLP. If your PC uses this, the product key on your PC–the one stored in the registry, and the one key-viewer applications display–will be different from the actual key your PC needs. The actual key is on a certificate of authenticity (COA) sticker on Editors Archives - PC Product key PC or its power supply. The one in the registry and key-viewer application is a Editors Archives - PC Product key herring. This system was common for Windows 7 PCs.
  • Embedded in your PC’s UEFI firmware: Many newer PCs that come with Windows 8 or 10 use a new method. The key for the version of Windows the PC comes with is stored in the computer’s UEFI firmware or BIOS. You don’t even need to know it–assuming you’re installing the same edition of Windows the PC came with, Editors Archives - PC Product key, it should automatically activate and work without you needing to enter a key. It’ll all happen automatically.

Be sure to use the same version and edition of Windows the computer came with. In other words, if it came with Windows 7 Home Premium, you can’t install Windows 7 Professional.

If the Key Is Stored in Your Editors Archives - PC Product key Hardware

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Let’s start with the simplest situation. On newer Windows 8 and 10 computers, the key isn’t stored in software where it can be wiped, or on a sticker where it could be smudged off or removed. No one can glance at your computer’s sticker to steal its product key. Instead, Editors Archives - PC Product key, the key is stored in the computer’s UEFI firmware or BIOS by the manufacturer.

You don’t have to do anything special if you have this. You should just be able to reinstall the same edition of Windows the PC came with and it should just work without even asking you for a key. (Still, it may be best to find the product key using one of the below methods and write it down before reinstalling Windows–just in case.)

If you want to find the UEFI-embedded key and write it down, you can do so quite simply. Just open the Start menu, type “powershell”, and run the Powershell application that comes up.

Then, enter the following command and press Enter:

(Get-WmiObject -query 'select * from SoftwareLicensingService').OA3xOriginalProductKey

You should be rewarded with your embedded license key, Editors Archives - PC Product key. Write it down and store it in a safe place.

Read the Key From the Certificate of Authenticity Sticker

If you have a Windows 7-era PC, there’s a good chance the PC’s key is a single key the manufacturer uses for all their PCs. Thanks to “System Locked Pre-installation,” you’re not allowed to use that key to install Windows, Editors Archives - PC Product key. If you try, you’ll get error messages about the key being invalid.

To check, you’ll need to look for a certificate of authenticity sticker on your computer. The COA sticker verifies that the computer came with an authentic copy of Windows, and that sticker has a product key printed on it. You’ll need that product key to reinstall Windows–and, if the Editors Archives - PC Product key used System Locked Pre-installation, that key is different from the one your PC came with in software.

Examine your computer to find the key. On a laptop, it may be on the bottom of the laptop. If your laptop has a removable battery, it may be under the battery. If there’s some sort of compartment you can open, it might be in there. It may even be stuck to the laptop’s charger brick. If it’s a desktop, look on the side of the desktop’s case. If it’s not there, check the top, back, bottom, and anywhere else it might be.

If the key has rubbed off of the sticker, there’s not much you can do. You can try contacting your computer’s manufacturer and explaining what happened, but we can’t guarantee they’ll help. Microsoft would always be happy to sell you another key, though!

Use NirSoft’s ProduKey to Recover Product Keys (Even if You Can’t Boot the PC)

The easiest way to get access to your product key is with a third-party utility, and there’s nobody better at those than NirSoft. Their utilities are always crapware-free, and are always really useful. The only issue with this particular utility is that some antivirus will detect it as a false positive, because some malware might try to steal your product key.

Note: the NirSoft keyfinder won’t always work for OEM computers, depending on how they decided to activate the licenses. If your OEM installed your computer and used a single key for all their PCs, this won’t work. It also doesn’t work for Office 2013.

All you have to do is download ProduKey, unzip it, and then run it to immediately see all of your product keys. It’s as simple as that.

If you want to recover a key from a dead computer, you can hook up the hard drive to a working PC, Editors Archives - PC Product key, and then run ProduKey and use File > Select Source to point to the external Windows directory. You can then grab the keys from that computer easily.

You can also use a Linux live CD to pull the Windows directory off the other computer and onto a thumb drive, or just grab the registry files if you prefer. If you need help, we’ve got a guide to pulling data off a dead computer.

RELATED:How to Recover Files From a Dead Computer

Find the Windows Key Without Any Software (Advanced Users Only)

Assuming you can boot your computer without any problems, you can easily create a simple VBscript that will read the value out of the registry and then translate it into the format that you need for reinstalling. We’re not sure where this script came from, but reader raphoenix posted it on our forum a long time ago, so we’re sharing it here for you.

Copy and paste the following into a Notepad window:

Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell") MsgBox ConvertToKey(WshShell.RegRead("HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\DigitalProductId")) Function ConvertToKey(Key) Const KeyOffset = 52 i = 28 Chars = "BCDFGHJKMPQRTVWXY2346789" Do Cur = 0 x = 14 Do Cur = Cur * 256 Cur = Key(x + KeyOffset) + Cur Key(x + KeyOffset) = (Cur \ 24) And 255 Cur = Cur Mod 24 x = x -1 Loop While x >= 0 i = i -1 KeyOutput = Mid(Chars, Cur + 1, Editors Archives - PC Product key, 1) & KeyOutput If (((29 - i) Mod 6) = 0) And (i <> -1) Then i = i -1 KeyOutput = "-" & KeyOutput End If Loop While i >= 0 ConvertToKey = KeyOutput End Function

You’ll need to use File -> Save As, change the “Save as type” to “All Files” and then name it productkey.vbs or something similar ending with the vbs extension. We’d recommend saving to the desktop for easy access.

Once you’ve saved it, you can just double-click and the popup window will show you your product key.

Pro tip: If you use CTRL+C when the popup window is active, it will copy the contents of the window to the clipboard, and then you can paste it into Notepad or somewhere else.


The product key system is complicated to understand because Microsoft doesn’t really want typical Windows users to reinstall Windows on their PCs. Instead, Editors Archives - PC Product key, they’d rather you use your computer manufacturer’s recovery media. But the recovery media is full of the bloatware you don’t want on your PC–that’s why so many geeks often opt to reinstall Windows on their new PCs.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
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Issue

You need to create a new Registry Key (Reg Key) and/or string value, or you need to edit or delete one or more of the Reg Keys.

Important note: DO NOT edit or delete Reg Keys from your computer unless you are specifically instructed to do so by one of our Knowledge Base articles or technical support personnel.

Reg Keys are essentially folders that allow Windows applications to process data. On rare occasions, programs such as AutoCAD can become corrupted and require you to delete one or more of these folders. Some functions of our software may also require you to edit a Reg Key.

 

 

Solution

 

Open the Registry Editor

1. Open the Windows Run dialog box by pressing the Windows + R keys (Windows keyboard) or Command + R keys (Mac keyboard).

 

 

2. In the Run dialog box, type Regedit and click OK.

 

 

 

3. The Registry Editor dialog box will open.

 

 

The Reg Keys are located within the folders with names that begin with HKEY_ (as pictured to the right).

 

 

A Reg Key's name consists of its folder path within this folder structure.

 

 

Some of our troubleshooting articles will instruct you to edit or delete one or more Reg Keys. To locate a Reg Key, expand the first folder in that Reg Key's name (example: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE) by clicking the right-facing arrow to the left of that folder.

 

 

4. Editors Archives - PC Product key expanding folders to locate the Reg Key you need to create, edit, or delete.

 

 

 

Create a Reg Key

To create a new Reg Key, right-click the key location where you want to create the new key. Hover the mouse on the New option in the menu that opens, then select Key from the submenu that opens after that.

 

 

 

In this example, we'll create a key named Ecografx in the key location HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE

 

 

 

 

 

You'll see a new key within the key path you right-clicked.

 

Type a name for the key (example: Ecografx).

 

 

To continue adding keys to the path you've created – for example, if you need to create the key path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ecografx\Land F/X in following our Manual Installation of the Land F/X Workstation steps, repeat these steps, right-clicking the new key you just created and selecting the option for the new key in the menu.

If our Knowledge Base or one of our support technicians has instructed you to create a key path that ends with a string value, move on to the Create a String Value steps below once you've created the necessary key path. So, for example, if you're following our Manual Installation of the Land F/X Workstation Installer steps, you'd create the key path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Ecografx\Land F/X and then create the string value InstallPath within the Land F/X key as shown below.

 

 

 

Create a String Value

Creating a string value is similar to creating a key – right-click on the key where you want to create the string value, hover on New in the menu, and then select String Value from the submenu. In this example, we'll create the string value InstallPath within the key Land F/X.

 

 

 

 

The new string value will appear to the right of the key you right-clicked. Type a name for the new string value (example: InstallPath)

 

 

 

 

Edit a Reg Key or String Value

To edit a Reg Key or string value, click the Reg Key folder to open it. In our example, we'll edit the Reg Key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ODBC\ODBC.INI\LANDFX by clicking Editors Archives - PC Product key folder LANDFX in the path of the same name.

 

In the right pane, Editors Archives - PC Product key, you'll see a list of files, or "strings," contained within the Reg Key you selected. Right-click the string you want to edit. Select Modify from the menu that opens. In our example, we'll edit the string SERVER.

 

 

 

 

In the Edit String dialog box, make your desired change in the Value data field. Click OK to save your change.

 

 

 

Delete a Reg Key or String Value

Before deleting a Reg Key or string value, Editors Archives - PC Product key, it's a good idea to back it up by exporting it. In this example, we'll show you how to export and delete the Reg Key named HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\Installer\Products\AutoCAD 2015.

 

 

Right-click the Reg Key folder, and select Export from the menu that opens.

 

 

 

Navigate to the location where you want to back up the Reg Key, and click Save.

 

 

 

You'll now have a backed-up copy of the Reg Key, should you need it.

 

 

 

You can now delete the Reg Key safely.

 

 

 

To delete the Reg Key, right-click it and select Delete from the menu that opens.

Do not delete this particular Reg Key – or any Reg Key, for that matter – unless specifically instructed to do so. The Reg Key(s) you need to delete will depend on the issue you're experiencing with AutoCAD.

 

 

 

Change Permissions for Reg Keys

You may also need to change the permissions settings for reg keys. Here's how to do that:

 

Right-click the key whose permissions you need to change.

 

Select the Permissions option from the menu that opens.

 

 

 

Select the user whose permissions you need to change (example:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Autodesk.

 

Check the box for the permission type you need to grant or deny to the selected user. For example, if you need to grant the user full control (read/write access) for the key, select the Full control option in the Allow column.

 

Click Apply to apply the change, or OK to apply the change and close the permissions dialog box.

 

You'll likely need to grant permission to the System and Administrator roles as well.

You may need to restart your computer for the permission changes to take effect.

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Product key

Specific software-based key for a computer program

Editors Archives - PC Product key src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Proof_of_License_Certificate_of_Authenticity_for_Windows_Vista_Home_Premium_OEM.jpg/220px-Proof_of_License_Certificate_of_Authenticity_for_Windows_Vista_Home_Premium_OEM.jpg" width="220" height="87">
Product key on a Proof of License Certificate of Authenticity for Windows VistaHome Premium

A product key, also known as a software key, is a specific software-based key for a computer program. It certifies that the copy of the program is original.

Product keys consist of a series of numbers and/or letters. This sequence is typically entered by the user during the installation of computer software, and is then passed to a verification function in the program, Editors Archives - PC Product key. This function manipulates the key sequence according to a mathematical algorithm and attempts to match the results to a set of valid solutions.

Effectiveness

Standard key generation, where product keys are generated mathematically, is not completely effective in stopping copyright infringement of software, as these keys can be distributed. In addition, with improved communication from the rise of the Internet, more sophisticated attacks on keys such as cracks (removing the need for a key) and product key generators have become common.

Because of this, software publishers use additional product activation methods to verify that keys are both valid and uncompromised. One method assigns a product key based on a unique feature of the purchaser's computer hardware, which cannot be as easily duplicated since it depends on the user's hardware. Another method involves requiring one-time or periodical validation of the product key with an internet server (for games with an online component, this is done whenever the user signs in). The server can deactivate Editors Archives - PC Product key client software presenting invalid or compromised keys. Modified clients may bypass these checks,[1] but the server can still deny those clients information or communication, Editors Archives - PC Product key.

Controversy

Some of the most effective product key protections are controversial due to inconvenience, strict enforcement, harsh penalties and, in some cases, false positives. Some product keys use uncompromising digital procedures to enforce the license agreement.

Inconvenience

Product keys are somewhat inconvenient for end users. Not only do they need to be entered whenever a program is installed, Editors Archives - PC Product key, but the user must also Editors Archives - PC Product key sure not to lose them, Editors Archives - PC Product key. Loss of a product key usually means the software is useless once uninstalled, unless, prior to uninstallation, a key recovery application is used (although not all programs support this).[2]

Product keys also present new ways for distribution to go wrong, Editors Archives - PC Product key. If a product is shipped with missing or invalid keys, then the product itself is useless. For example, all copies of Splinter Cell: Pandora Tomorrow originally shipped to Australia without product keys.[3]

Enforcement and penalties

There are many cases of permanent bans enforced by companies detecting usage violations. It is common for an online system to immediately blacklist an account caught running cracks or, in some cases, cheats. This results in a permanent ban. Players who wish to continue use of the software must repurchase it. This has inevitably led to criticism over the motivations of enforcing permanent bans.[citation needed]

Particularly controversial is the situation which arises when multiple products' keys are bound together. If products have dependencies on other products (as is the case with expansion packs), Editors Archives - PC Product key, it is common for companies to ban all bound products. For example, if a fake key is used with an expansion pack, the server may ban legitimate keys from the original game. Similarly, with Valve's Steam service, all products the user has purchased are bound into the one account. If this account is banned, the user will lose access to every product associated with the same account[4]

This "multi-ban" is highly controversial, since it bans users from products which they have legitimately purchased and used.[citation needed]

False positives

Bans are enforced by servers immediately upon detection of cracks or cheats, usually without human intervention. Sometimes, legitimate users are wrongly deemed in violation of the license, and banned. In large cases of false positives, they are sometimes corrected (as happened in World of Warcraft.[5]) However, individual cases may not be given any attention.[citation needed]

A common cause of false positives (as with the World of Warcraft case above) is users of unsupported platforms. For example, users of Linux can run Windows applications through compatibility layers such as Wine and Cedega. This software combination sometimes triggers the game's server anti-cheating software, resulting in a ban due to Wine or Cedega being a Windows API compatibility layer for Linux, so it is considered third-party (cheating) software by the game's server.[6][citation needed]

See also

References

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tail -1

The command-line tool Chntpw can be installed on Linux and is able to load Windows registry files, Editors Archives - PC Product key. This software didn't return a valid key when decoding the product ID within the tool, though if you had to you could extract the hex data and decode that elsewhere.

If you have a boot disc around, Chntpw (also known as Offline NT Password & Registry Editor) is part of many all-in-one recovery solutions such as Ultimate Boot CD and Hiren's Boot CD.

Here's how to load a Windows registry file in Chntpw from a Linux terminal and then display the hex value for the key in that hive (use dpi instead of hex to decode the key within chntpw, though again, this didn't give us a valid key):

chntpw -e YourDrive/Windows/System32/config/SOFTWARE

hex Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\DigitalProductId

Additional resources

Although it's convenient to have your Windows key automatically detected from the UEFI/BIOS, you'll have to tweak the Windows installation media if you want to use another license.

Open the installation media in File Explorer, browse to the Sources folder and create a new text file named PID.txt in the Sources folder. In PID.txt, you want the following text, where the Xs correspond to your license key.

[PID]
Value=XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX

Uninstalling a retail key from a given machine is also possible and while this doesn't automatically update the information on Microsoft's servers, it will prevent future conflicts from multiple machines using the same key.

Enter the following line in an administrator Command Prompt to uninstall the currently active product license and clear that key from the Windows registry (here are more slmgr commands):

slmgr.vbs /upk

slmgr /cpky

As a final anecdote from testing, when we uninstalled and cleared the key from our Windows installation, we were able to reactivate that copy of Windows simply by clicking "Troubleshoot" on the activation page.

One click and that wizard retrieved our digital license, despite not being linked to a Microsoft account. And again, this was for a retail key that was originally used on a desktop which was cloned as a Windows To Go drive and plugged into another machine with a different hardware profile. In other words, with luck, Microsoft's activation is forgiving enough and you should have no issues validating your OS license on a new machine or after several hardware changes.

Keep Reading. Software at TechSpot

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